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Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions

Modeling and Validation of a Split Cycle Clean Combustion Diesel Engine Concept

[+] Author and Article Information
Keshav Sud

e-mail: Keshav707@gmail.com

Sabri Cetinkunt

University of Illinois at Chicago,
Chicago, IL 61615

Scott B. Fiveland

Caterpillar Inc.,
Mossville, IL 61552

1Present address: 5409 West Haymeadow PL, Apartment 3C, Peoria, IL 61615.

Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received February 11, 2013; final manuscript received April 8, 2013; published online June 24, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 135(8), 081504 (Jun 24, 2013) (6 pages) Paper No: GTP-13-1045; doi: 10.1115/1.4024181 History: Received February 11, 2013; Revised April 08, 2013

This paper is a part of the research happening at the University of Illinois at Chicago together with Caterpillar Inc. for the development and validation of a split cycle clean combustion engine (SCCCE) operating on diesel fuel. A two-cylinder variant of the SCCCE is modeled using Caterpillar's one-dimensional modeling software Dynasty, following the geometric and boundary specifications given by the University of Pisa in their paper by Musu et al. (2010, “Clean Diesel Combustion by Means of the HCPC Concept,” SAE Paper No. 2010-01-1256). The results are compared to validate our modeling methodology. The split cycle clean combustion (SCCC) concept may significantly reduce gaseous and particulate emissions while maintaining high engine efficiency compared to the current state of the art diesel engine. Some manufacturers have been prototyping gasoline engines based on the SCCC concept, but there are no diesel fuel powered SCCC engine prototypes existing in the market. This study will be a significant contribution in the performance evaluation of SCCC diesel engines at high load and part load conditions. A one-dimensional modeling technique was chosen for this study due to the need of a fast running model that could be improved using design of experiments (DOE) analysis. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling produces more accurate results but limits one's ability to model a large number of configurations due to its large computational overhead that slows down the overall simulation process, thus making CFD models not feasible for this DOE. In order to accurately model an SCCC engine, we first validated our modeling methodology by reproducing results of the CFD based model presented by University of Pisa in Musu et al. (2010, “Clean Diesel Combustion by Means of the HCPC Concept,” SAE Paper No. 2010-01-1256). A satisfactory comparison of results confirmed our modeling approach and enabled us to integrate more complex models that will be discussed in future publications.

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References

Assanis, D. N., Filipi, Z. S., Fiveland, S. B., and Syrimis, M., 2000, “A Methodology for Cycle-By-Cycle Transient Heat Release Analysis in a Turbocharged Direct Injection Diesel Engine,” SAE Paper No. 2000-01-1185. [CrossRef]
Fiveland, S. B., and Assanis, D. N., 2001, “Development of a Two-Zone HCCI Combustion Model Accounting for Boundary Layer Effects,” SAE Paper No. 2001-01-1028. [CrossRef]
Babajimopoulos, A., Assanis, D. N., and Fiveland, S. B., 2002, “An Approach for Modeling the Effects of Gas Exchange Processes on HCCI Combustion and Its Application in Evaluating Variable Valve Timing Control Strategies,” SAE Paper No. 2002-01-0829. [CrossRef]
Fiveland, S. B., and Assanis, D. N., 2002, “Development and Validation of a Quasi-Dimensional Model for HCCI Engine Performance and Emissions Studies Under Turbocharged Conditions,” SAE Paper No. 2002-01-1757. [CrossRef]
Musu, E., Rossi, R., Gentili, R., and Reitz, R., 2010, “Clean Diesel Combustion by Means of the HCPC Concept,” SAE Paper No. 2010-01-1256. [CrossRef]

Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic of a simple two-cylinder split cycle clean combustion engine concept

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Fig. 2

Operation of a split cycle clean combustion diesel engine showing the two strokes

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Fig. 3

Dynasty model schematic of a two-cylinder SCCC engine

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Fig. 4

Compressor pressure volume diagram

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Fig. 5

Combustor pressure volume diagram

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Fig. 6

Indicated power versus equivalence ratio

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Fig. 7

Heat release rate versus crank angle

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Fig. 8

Combustor cylinder pressure versus crank angle

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