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Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Coal, Biomass, and Alternative Fuels

Alternative Microturbine Fuels Feasibility Study Through Thermal Stability, Material Compatibility, and Engine Testing

[+] Author and Article Information
Sergio Arias Quintero

e-mail: searquint@gmail.com

Joshua Schmitt

e-mail: joshua.schmitt@gmail.com
Center for Advanced Turbines and
Energy Research (CATER),
University of Central Florida,
4000 Central Florida Boulevard,
Orlando, FL 32816

Richard Blair

Department of Chemistry,
The National Center for Forensic Science,
University of Central Florida,
4000 Central Florida Boulevard,
Orlando, FL 32816
e-mail: richard.blair@ucf.edu

Jayanta Kapat

Center for Advanced Turbines and
Energy Research (CATER),
University of Central Florida,
4000 Central Florida Boulevard,
Orlando, FL 32816
e-mail: jayanta.kapat@ucf.edu

Contributed by the Coal, Biomass and Alternate Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received July 3, 2013; final manuscript received July 20, 2013; published online September 17, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 135(11), 111401 (Sep 17, 2013) (7 pages) Paper No: GTP-13-1225; doi: 10.1115/1.4025128 History: Received July 03, 2013; Revised July 20, 2013

Historically, gas turbine fuels have been procured based on availability and low cost criteria. However,in the past few decades, with the growing concern over the negative environmental impacts produced by emissions, alternative fuels have been developed and tested under the objective of reducing such negative effects. The physical properties and broad chemical composition of fuels, including trace elements, may result in engine performance issues found only after extensive operation. This, in turn, results in higher maintenance and operation costs. This paper studies the feasibility of several renewable fuels for microturbine application, identifying key relationships between the physical and chemical properties, thermal stability, materials compatibility, and turbine performance.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

(a) Thermal stability apparatus diagram; (b) photograph

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Fig. 2

The SR-30 gas turbine engine

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Fig. 3

(a) Mass and (b) volume variation of N0602 nitrile O-rings immersed in alternative aviation fuels

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Fig. 4

(a) Mass and (b) volume variation of LM158 fluorosilicone O-rings immersed in alternative aviation fuels

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Fig. 5

(a) Mass and (b) volume variation of N0602 nitrile O-rings immersed in biodiesels

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Fig. 6

Thermal deposits for crude-derived diesel and Jet-A and biodiesels

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Fig. 7

Thermal deposits for conventional and alternative aviation turbine fuels

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Fig. 8

The SR-30 engine thrust versus rpm with alternative turbine fuels

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Fig. 9

The SR-30 specific fuel consumption versus rpm with alternative turbine fuels

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