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Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Turbomachinery

Active/Passive Hybrid Control System for Compressor Surge Based on Fuzzy Logic

[+] Author and Article Information
Hanlin Sheng

Department of Power Engineering,
Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (NUAA),
Jiangsu 210016, China
e-mail: dreamshl@nuaa.edu.cn

Wei Huang

Department of Power Engineering,
Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (NUAA),
Jiangsu 210016, China
e-mail: 181617040@qq.com

Tianhong Zhang

Professor
Department of Power Engineering,
Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (NUAA),
Jiangsu 210016,China
e-mail: thz@nuaa.edu.cn

Xianghua Huang

Professor
Department of Power Engineering,
Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (NUAA),
Jiangsu 210016,China
e-mail: xhhuang@nuaa.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Turbomachinery Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received February 14, 2014; final manuscript received February 21, 2014; published online March 21, 2014. Editor: David Wisler.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 136(9), 092601 (Mar 21, 2014) (8 pages) Paper No: GTP-14-1092; doi: 10.1115/1.4026953 History: Received February 14, 2014; Revised February 21, 2014

A hybrid control system has been proposed for compressor surge, which combines the active method with the passive method. A bleed valve was selected as the actuator in the proposed system. As a submode of the hybrid system, a fuzzy logic based active controller was designed to extend the stability operating range of the compressor. Meanwhile, a surge avoidance controller was used as a backup-mode to improve the safety performance of the system. The simulation results showed that the compressor can operate steadily outside the surge line under active control mode and can be dragged back to inside the surge line by the passive control mode when the alternative fails. One advantage of the proposed control system is that it does not need a model of the compressor, and it works on any compression system. Passive surge control is a reliable and widely applied method in industrial compressors. The hybrid system makes the active control approach closer to the industrial implementation.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Compression system

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Fig. 2

System trajectory during surge

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Fig. 3

Schematic of the hybrid surge control system

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Fig. 4

Principle of surge avoidance by bleeding

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Fig. 5

Membership functions for FLC#1

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Fig. 6

Membership functions for FLC#2

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Fig. 7

Result of active control under step disturbance

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Fig. 8

Result of active control under step disturbance with zero mean white noise

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Fig. 9

Active control with a one-side bleed valve

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Fig. 10

Active control simulation when bleed valve natural frequency is 4

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Fig. 11

Surge avoidance control simulation when active surge control fails

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