Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Structures and Dynamics

Modular Bearing Designs to Cope With the New Engine Designs Demanding High Performance, Lead-Free Solutions, and Robustness

[+] Author and Article Information
Rainer Aufischer, Martin Offenbecher, Gunther Hager

Miba Bearing Group,
Laakirchen A 4663, Austria

Rick Walker

Miba Bearings US, LLC,
McConnelsville, OH 43756

Contributed by the Structures and Dynamics Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received February 20, 2014; final manuscript received March 12, 2014; published online July 15, 2014. Editor: David Wisler.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 136(12), 122505 (Jul 15, 2014) (7 pages) Paper No: GTP-14-1115; doi: 10.1115/1.4027779 History: Received February 20, 2014; Revised March 12, 2014

Engine development, driven by environmental considerations outlined in the different emission regulations, fuel economy, and fuel availability in combination with economical boundary conditions, needs new approaches in bearing material and design. Since gas engines are gaining market share and firing pressures increase in diesel engines in order to fulfill fuel economy, a special focus has also been taken to tailor-made bearings for these applications. This complex task has to consider lining compound material strength and stability under different conditions like oil condition and dilution. Thin overlays with long-term wear resistance and mixed friction capabilities as well as robust design for extraordinary events like dirt shock loading or adaptations at the engine start are necessary. To fulfill all these requirements, different tasks have to be considered: (1) bearing lining and steel shell compound to fulfill assembly requirements to combine a safe bearing seat with antifretting and high strength with base tribological characteristics, (2) design and use of different layers to compensate weakness of the one layer with the strength of another layer, (3) incorporation of special running conditions and cost reduction approaches in the layer design like polymer coatings for start stop and shaft designs with rougher surface finishes, and (4) bearing design incorporating special shapes to cope better with deflections and geometric deficiencies of a special engine design or application In this publication, existing and new lining compound approaches, including lead-free designs, a variety of different overlays from electroplated, polymer and sputtered ones, are briefly described. Additionally, it is explained how these layers are combined and how they work together to improve bearing performance. Testing of the bearing components and designs on bearing test rigs with new test conditions considering dirt shock and misalignment and their confirmation by engine running experiences are given for a gas engine and a high speed diesel engine applications. A special outlook on how this approach can be extended to other applications for the sake of robustness, cost reduction, or performance increase will summarize the paper.

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Fig. 5

Fatigue strength of different lining compounds

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Fig. 4

Friction behavior of different materials against steel of typical bearing housing in engines

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Fig. 3

Fretting test apparatus and test specimen

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Fig. 6

Seizure resistance of the different lining compounds

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Fig. 7

Tribological working principle and performance characteristics of different overlays

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Fig. 11

Dirt sensitivity of existing overlays

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Fig. 8

Bearing design incorporating bimetal bearing with antifretting bearing back layer

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Fig. 9

Miba 69—lead free high performance bearing design

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Fig. 10

Misalignment results of different bearing types



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