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Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Industrial & Cogeneration

Comparative Study of Using R-410A, R-407C, R-22, and R-134a as Cooling Medium in the Condenser of a Steam Power Plant

[+] Author and Article Information
Khaled Yousef

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Menoufia University,
Menoufia 32511, Egypt
e-mail: khyousef@msu.edu

Abebayehu Assefa

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Addis Ababa University,
Addis Ababa 31490 AA, Ethiopia
e-mail: abebayehu_assefa@yahoo.com

Ahmed Hegazy

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Menoufia University,
Menoufia 32511, Egypt
e-mail: Ahegazy7@yahoo.com

Abraham Engeda

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Michigan State University,
East Lansing, MI 48824-1226
e-mail: Engeda@egr.msu.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Industrial and Cogeneration Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received July 12, 2014; final manuscript received July 15, 2014; published online September 10, 2014. Editor: David Wisler.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 137(2), 022002 (Sep 10, 2014) (9 pages) Paper No: GTP-14-1381; doi: 10.1115/1.4028266 History: Received July 12, 2014; Revised July 15, 2014

A step-by-step technique has been implemented in the analytical study of heat transfer and pressure gradient characteristics of refrigerants R-410A, R-407C, R-22, and R-134a used as cooling media in the condenser of a steam power plant. Refrigerants are optimized to replace water/air as coolant in the condenser of a steam power plant. Refrigerants have much lower temperatures and much higher heat transfer rates than water or air. The thermal resistances that affect heat transfer characteristics and surface condenser performance are included. The effect of inlet refrigerant temperature and mass flow rate are reported for the four refrigerants. Calculations are performed at two inlet refrigerant temperatures −21 °C and −30 °C and mass flow rate ranging from 92.905 to 132.905 kg/s. The results revealed that the overall heat transfer coefficient, heat transfer rate, and condensation rate increased with refrigerant mass flow rate, with higher values at lower inlet refrigerant temperatures. For a given refrigerant mass flow rate and inlet temperature, the analytical study indicated that R-410A has higher values of overall heat transfer coefficient, heat transfer rate and condensation rate than R-407C, R-22, and R-314a, respectively. Moreover, it is found that R-410A, at −30 °C and 132.905 kg/s, is superior in condensing all steam entering the condenser than the other refrigerants; this corresponds to higher exergy efficiency. The condenser pressure was observed to be slightly higher for R-410A than the other refrigerants.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Heat transfer rate across condenser rows

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Overall heat transfer coefficient across condenser rows

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Condensation rate across condenser rows

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Total condensation rate across condenser rows

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Condenser pressure across condenser rows

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Vacuum pressure across condenser rows

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Total condensation rate versus refrigerant mass flow rate

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Condenser pressure drop versus refrigerant mass flow rate

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