An experimental study is presented on the interaction of flashback originating from flame propagation in the boundary layer (1), from combustion driven vortex breakdown (2) and from low bulk flow velocity (3). In the investigations, an aerodynamically stabilized swirl burner operated with hydrogen–air mixtures at ambient pressure and with air preheat was employed, which previously had been optimized regarding its aerodynamics and its flashback limit. The focus of the present paper is the detailed characterization of the observed flashback phenomena with simultaneous high speed (HS) particle image velocimetry (PIV)/Mie imaging, delivering the velocity field and the propagation of the flame front in the mid plane, in combination with line-of-sight integrated OH*-chemiluminescence detection revealing the flame envelope and with ionization probes which provide quantitative information on the flame motion near the mixing tube wall during flashback. The results are used to improve the operational safety of the system beyond the previously reached limits. This is achieved by tailoring the radial velocity and fuel profiles near the burner exit. With these measures, the resistance against flashback in the center as well as in the near wall region is becoming high enough to make turbulent flame propagation the prevailing flashback mechanism. Even at stoichiometric and preheated conditions this allows safe operation of the burner down to very low velocities of approximately 1/3 of the typical flow velocities in gas turbine burners. In that range, the high turbulent burning velocity of hydrogen approaches the low bulk flow speed and, finally, the flame begins to propagate upstream once turbulent flame propagation becomes faster than the annular core flow. This leads to the conclusions that finally the ultimate limit for the flashback safety was reached with a configuration, which has a swirl number of approximately 0.45 and delivers NOx emissions near the theoretical limit for infinite mixing quality, and that high fuel reactivity does not necessarily rule out large burners with aerodynamic flame stabilization by swirling flows.