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research-article

MODEL PREDICTIVE ENGINE SPEED CONTROL FOR TRANSMISSIONS WITH DOG CLUTCHES

[+] Author and Article Information
Qilun Zhu, Robert Prucka

Clemson University - Automotive Engineering Department Greenville, South Carolina, 29607, USA
qilun@g.clemson.edu

Michael Prucka

FCA US LLC Auburn Hills, Michigan, 48326, USA
michael.prucka@fcagroup.com

Hussein Dourra

FCA US LLC Auburn Hills, Michigan, 48326, USA
hussein.dourra@fcagroup.com

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4036622 History: Received February 28, 2017; Revised April 25, 2017

Abstract

The need for cost-effective fuel economy improvements has driven the introduction of automatic transmissions with an increasing number of gear ratios. Incorporation of interlocking dog clutches in these transmissions decreases package space and increases efficiency, as compared to conventional dry or wet clutches. Unlike friction based clutches, interlocking dog clutches require very precise rotational speed matching prior to engagement. Precise engine speed control is therefore critical to maintaining high shift quality. This research focuses on controlling the engine speed during a gearshift period by manipulating throttle position and combustion phasing. Model predictive control (MPC) is advantageous in this application since the speed profile of a future prediction horizon is known with relatively high confidence. The MPC can find the optimal control actions to achieve the designated speed target without invoking unnecessary actuator manipulation and violating hardware and combustion constraints. This research utilizes linear parameter varying (LPV) MPC to control the engine speed during the gearshift period. Combustion stability constraints are considered with a control oriented covariance of indicated mean effective pressure model (COV of IMEP). The proposed MPC engine speed controller is validated with a high-fidelity 0-dimensional engine model with crank angle resolution. Four case studies, based on simulation, investigate the impact of different MPC design parameters. They also demonstrate that the proposed MPC engine controller successfully achieves the speed reference tracking objective while considering combustion variation constraints.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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