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research-article

A Numerical Study of Ethanol-Water Droplet Evaporation

[+] Author and Article Information
Giandomenico Lupo

Department of Mechanics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
gianlupo@mech.kth.se

Christophe Duwig

Department of Mechanics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
duwig@kth.se

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037753 History: Received July 07, 2017; Revised July 12, 2017

Abstract

The present effort focuses on detailed numerical modelling of the evaporation of an ethanol-water droplet. The model intends to capture all relevant details of the process: it includes species and heat transport in the liquid and gas phases, and detailed thermo-physical and transport properties, varying with both temperature and composition. Special attention is reserved to the composition range near and below the ethanol/water azeotrope point at ambient pressure. For this case, a significant fraction of the droplet lifetime exhibits evaporation dynamics similar to those of a pure droplet. The results are analysed and model simplifications are examined. In particular, the assumptions of constant liquid properties, homogeneous liquid phase composition and no differential volatility may not be valid depending on the initial droplet temperature.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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