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research-article

Strong azimuthal combustion instabilities in a spray annular chamber with intermittent partial blow-off

[+] Author and Article Information
KEVIN PRIEUR

Grande voie des vignes Châtenay-Malabry, 92295 France
kevin.prieur@centralesupelec.fr

DANIEL DUROX

Grande voie des vignes grande voie des vignes Châtenay-Malabry, 92295 France
daniel.durox@centralesupelec.fr

THIERRY SCHULLER

Grande voie des vignes Châtenay-Malabry, 92295 France
thierry.schuller@centralesupelec.fr

SEBASTIEN CANDEL

Grande voie des vignes Châtenay-Malabry, 92295 France
sebastien.candel@centralesupelec.fr

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037824 History: Received July 04, 2017; Revised July 18, 2017

Abstract

This article reports experiments carried out in the MICCA-Spray combustor developed at EM2C laboratory. This system comprises 16 swirl spray injectors. Liquid n-heptane is injected by simplex atomizers. The combustion chamber is formed by two cylindrical quartz tubes allowing full optical access to the flame region and it is equipped with twelve pressure sensors recording signals in the plenum and chamber. A high-speed camera provides images of the flames and photomultipliers record the light intensity from different flames. For certain operating conditions, the system exhibits well defined instabilities coupled by the first azimuthal mode of the chamber at a frequency of 750 Hz. These instabilities occur in the form of bursts. Examination of the pressure and the light intensity signals gives access to the acoustic energy source term. Analysis of the phase fluctuations between the two signals is carried out using cross-spectral analysis. At limit cycle, large pressure fluctuations of 5000 Pa are reached, and these levels persist over a finite period of time. Analysis of the signals using the spin ratio indicates that the standing mode is predominant. Flame dynamics at the pressure anti-nodal line reveals a strong longitudinal pulsation with heat release rate oscillations in phase and increasing linearly with the acoustic pressure for every oscillation levels. At the pressure nodal line, the flames are subjected to large transverse velocity fluctuations leading to a transverse motion of the flames and partial blow-off. Scenarios and modeling elements are developed to interpret these features.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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