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Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions

Prediction of Combustion Noise in a Model Combustor Using a Network Model and a LNSE Approach

[+] Author and Article Information
Wolfram C. Ullrich

Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Technische Universität München,
Garching 85748, Germany
e-mail: ullrich@td.mw.tum.de

Yasser Mahmoudi

Department of Engineering,
University of Cambridge,
Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK
e-mails: sm2027@cam.ac.uk;
s.mahmoudilarimi@qub.ac.uk

Kilian Lackhove

Fachgebiet für Energie-und Kraftwerkstechnik,
Technische Universität Darmstadt,
Darmstadt 64287, Germany
e-mail: lackhove@ekt.tu-darmstadt.de

André Fischer

Rolls-Royce Deutschland, Ltd. & Co KG,
ES-2 Turbine, Combustion Subsystems,
Blankenfelde-Mahlow 15827, Germany
e-mail: Andre.Fischer@Rolls-Royce.com

Christoph Hirsch

Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Technische Universität München,
Garching 85748, Germany
e-mail: hirsch@td.mw.tum.de

Thomas Sattelmayer

Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Technische Universität München,
Garching 85748, Germany
e-mail: sattelmayer@td.mw.tum.de

Ann P. Dowling

Department of Engineering,
University of Cambridge,
Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK
e-mail: apd1@cam.ac.uk

Nedunchezhian Swaminathan

Department of Engineering,
University of Cambridge,
Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK
e-mail: ns341@cam.ac.uk

Amsini Sadiki

Fachgebiet für Energie-und Kraftwerkstechnik,
Technische Universität Darmstadt,
Darmstadt 64287, Germany
e-mail: sadiki@ekt.tu-darmstadt.de

Max Staufer

Rolls-Royce Deutschland, Ltd. & Co KG,
ES-2 Turbine, Combustion Subsystems,
Blankenfelde-Mahlow 15827, Germany
e-mail: Max.Staufer@Rolls-Royce.com

1Corresponding author.

2Present address: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Queens University Belfast, Belfast BT9 5AH, UK.

Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received July 2, 2017; final manuscript received August 1, 2017; published online October 31, 2017. Editor: David Wisler.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 140(4), 041501 (Oct 31, 2017) (10 pages) Paper No: GTP-17-1249; doi: 10.1115/1.4038026 History: Received July 02, 2017; Revised August 01, 2017

The reduction of pollution and noise emissions of modern aero engines represents a key concept to meet the requirements of the future air traffic. This requires an improvement in the understanding of combustion noise and its sources, as well as the development of accurate predictive tools. This is the major goal of the current study where the low-order thermo-acoustic network (LOTAN) solver and a hybrid computational fluid dynamics/computational aeroacoustics approach are applied on a generic premixed and pressurized combustor to evaluate their capabilities for combustion noise predictions. LOTAN solves the linearized Euler equations (LEE) whereas the hybrid approach consists of Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) mean flow and frequency-domain simulations based on linearized Navier–Stokes equations (LNSE). Both solvers are fed in turn by three different combustion noise source terms which are obtained from the application of a statistical noise model on the RANS simulations and a post-processing of incompressible and compressible large eddy simulations (LES). In this way, the influence of the source model and acoustic solver is identified. The numerical results are compared with experimental data. In general, good agreement with the experiment is found for both the LOTAN and LNSE solvers. The LES source models deliver better results than the statistical noise model with respect to the amplitude and shape of the heat release spectrum. Beyond this, it is demonstrated that the phase relation of the source term does not affect the noise spectrum. Finally, a second simulation based on the inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation indicates the minor importance of the aerodynamic mean flow on the broadband noise spectrum.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CESAM-HP combustor model

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Fig. 2

Acoustic network model for LOTAN solver

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Fig. 3

Acoustic LNSE model: (a) spatial discretization and BCs and (b) source distribution ρ¯ŝV (kg/(sm3))

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Fig. 4

RANS mean flow fields: (a) axial velocity (m/s) and (b) static temperature (K)

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Fig. 5

Comparion PIV measurements [20,21] and RANS results in several axial evaluation planes. Top: axial velocity (m/s) and bottom: radial velocity (m/s).

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Fig. 6

Integral heat release spectra obtained by different source models

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Fig. 7

Pressure spectrum up to 1000 Hz computed by the LOTAN network solver (left) and RANS/LNSE (right)

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Fig. 8

Influence of the phase and the distribution of the combustion noise source term on the pressure spectrum computed by RANS/LNSE approach (LES PRECISE source term)

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Fig. 9

Pressure spectrum up to 4000 Hz computed by the LOTAN network solver (left) and RANS/LNSE (right)

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Fig. 10

Influence of the aerodynamic mean flow on the combustion noise spectrum (LES PRECISE source term)

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