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High Momentum Jet Flames at Elevated Pressure, B: Detailed Investigation of Flame Stabilization with Simultaneous PIV and OH-LIF

[+] Author and Article Information
Michael Severin

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Combustion Technology, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany
michael.severin@dlr.de

Oliver Lammel

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Combustion Technology, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany
oliver.lammel@dlr.de

Holger Ax

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Combustion Technology, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany
holger.ax@dlr.de

Rainer Lückerath

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Combustion Technology, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany
rainer.lueckerath@dlr.de

Wolfgang Meier

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Combustion Technology, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany
wolfgang.meier@dlr.de

Manfred Aigner

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Combustion Technology, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany
manfred.aigner@dlr.de

Johannes Heinze

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Propulsion Technology, Linder Höhe, D-51147 Köln, Germany
johannes.heinze@dlr.de

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4038126 History: Received July 20, 2017; Revised August 08, 2017

Abstract

A model FLOX® combustor, featuring a single high momentum premixed jet flame, has been investigated using laser diagnostics in an optically accessible combustion chamber at a pressure of 8bar. The model combustor was designed as a large single eccentric nozzle main burner (Ø 40mm) together with an adjoining pilot burner and was operated with natural gas. To gain insight into the flame stabilization mechanisms with and without piloting, simultaneous Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and OH Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) measurements have been performed at numerous two-dimensional sections of the flame. Additional OH-LIF measurements without PIV-particles were analyzed quantitatively resulting in absolute OH concentrations and temperature fields. The flow field looks rather similar for both the unpiloted and the piloted case, featuring a large recirculation zone next to the high momentum jet. However, flame shape and position change drastically. For the unpiloted case, the flame is lifted, widely distributed and isolated flame kernels are found at the flame root in the vicinity of small scale vortices. For the piloted flame, on the other hand, both pilot and main flame are attached to the burner base plate, and flame stabilization seems to take place on much smaller spatial scales with a connected flame front and no isolated flame kernels. The single shot analysis gives rise to the assumption that for the unpiloted case small scale vortices act like the pilot burner flow in the opposed case and constantly impinge and ignite the high momentum jet at its root.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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