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research-article

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF CYCLE PROPERTIES, NOISE AND AIR POLLUTANT EMISSIONS OF AN APS3200 AUXILIARY POWER UNIT

[+] Author and Article Information
Teresa Siebel

Institute of Combustion Technology German Aerospace Center (DLR) Stuttgart, Germany 70569
teresa.siebel@dlr.de

Jan Zanger

Institute of Combustion Technology German Aerospace Center (DLR) Stuttgart, Germany 70569
jan.zanger@dlr.de

Andreas Huber

Institute of Combustion Technology German Aerospace Center (DLR) Stuttgart, Germany 70569
andreas.huber@dlr.de

Manfred Aigner

Institute of Combustion Technology German Aerospace Center (DLR) Stuttgart, Germany 70569
manfred.aigner@dlr.de

Karsten Knobloch

Institute of Propulsion Technology German Aerospace Center (DLR) Berlin, Germany 10623
karsten.knobloch@dlr.de

Friedrich Bake

Institute of Propulsion Technology German Aerospace Center (DLR) Berlin, Germany 10623
friedrich.bake@dlr.de

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4038159 History: Received July 24, 2017; Revised August 17, 2017

Abstract

Auxiliary power unit (APU) operators face increasingly stricter airport requirements concerning exhaust gas and noise emission levels. To simultaneously reduce exhaust gas and noise emissions and to satisfy the increasing demand of electric power on board, optimization of the current technology is necessary. Prior to any possible demonstration of optimization potential, detailed data of thermodynamic properties and emissions have to be determined. Therefore, the investigations presented in this paper were conducted at a full-scale APU of an operational aircraft. A Pratt & Whitney APS3200, commonly installed in the Airbus A320 aircraft family, was used for measurements of the reference data. In order to describe the APS3200, the full spectrum of feasible power load and bleed air mass flow combinations were adjusted during the study. Their effect on different thermodynamic and performance properties, such as exhaust gas temperature, pressure as well as electric and overall efficiency is described. Furthermore, the mass flows of the inlet air, exhaust gas and fuel input were determined. Additionally, the work reports the exhaust gas emissions regarding the species CO2, CO and NOx as a function of load point. Moreover the acoustic noise emissions are presented and discussed. With the provided data the paper serves as a database for validating numerical simulations and provides a baseline for current APU technology.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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