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Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Aircraft Engine

A Propeller Model for Steady-State and Transient Performance Prediction of Turboprop and Counter-Rotating Open Rotor Engines

[+] Author and Article Information
Vinícius Tavares Silva

Aeronautics Institute of Technology,
São José dos Campos,
São Paulo 12228-900, Brazil
e-mail: viniciustasil@gmail.com

Cleverson Bringhenti

Mem. ASME
Aeronautics Institute of Technology,
São José dos Campos,
São Paulo 12228-900, Brazil
e-mail: cleverson@ita.br

Jesuino Takachi Tomita

Mem. ASME
Aeronautics Institute of Technology,
São José dos Campos,
São Paulo 12228-900, Brazil
e-mail: jtakachi@ita.br

Anderson Frasson Fontes

Aeronautics Institute of Technology,
São José dos Campos,
São Paulo 12228-900, Brazil
e-mail: andersonffontes@gmail.com

Contributed by the Aircraft Engine Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received August 9, 2017; final manuscript received November 16, 2017; published online April 20, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Haixin Chen.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 140(7), 071201 (Apr 20, 2018) (13 pages) Paper No: GTP-17-1445; doi: 10.1115/1.4038814 History: Received August 09, 2017; Revised November 16, 2017

This paper describes a methodology used for propeller performance estimation, which was implemented in an in-house modular program for gas turbine performance prediction. A model based on subsonic generic propeller maps and corrected for compressibility effects, under high subsonic speeds, was proposed and implemented. Considering this methodology, it is possible to simulate conventional turboprop architectures and counter-rotating open rotor (CROR) engines in both steady-state and transient operating conditions. Two simulation scenarios are available: variable pitch angle propeller with constant speed; or variable speed propeller with constant pitch angle. The simulations results were compared with test bench data and two gas turbine performance commercial software packages were used to fulfill the model validation for conventional turboprop configurations. Furthermore, a direct drive CROR engine was simulated using a variable inlet guide vanes (VIGV) control strategy during transient operation. The model has shown to be able to provide several information about propeller-based engine performance using few input data, and a comprehensive understanding on steady-state and transient performance behavior was achieved in the obtained results.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Conventional propeller map [38]

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Fig. 2

Design and off-design model for constant speed and variable pitch propeller

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Fig. 3

Off-design point model for constant pitch and variable speed propeller

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Fig. 4

gtanalysis flowchart

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Fig. 5

Propeller model flowchart in gtanalysis for DP (left) and OFD (right)

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Fig. 6

T56-15A model in gtanalysis

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Fig. 7

T56-15A performance results: comparison between gtanalysis simulation and real engine data

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Fig. 8

TP400-D6 turboprop model

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Fig. 9

Efficiency running line on propeller map

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Fig. 10

Power coefficient running line on propeller map

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Fig. 11

Steady-state off-design performance simulation of the TP400-D6 turboprop engine

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Fig. 12

Transient performance simulation of the TP400-D6 turboprop engine

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Fig. 13

Transient running lines on IP compressor (a) and HP compressor (b) maps

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Fig. 14

Direct drive CROR model

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Fig. 15

Transient running line on propeller map

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Fig. 16

Direct drive CROR transient simulation results

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Fig. 17

Transient running line on LP compressor map

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