0
Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Turbomachinery

Optimizing the Performance of Swirl Recovery Vane on Fokker 29 Propeller Using Design of Experiments Method

[+] Author and Article Information
Yangang Wang

School of Power and Energy,
Northwestern Polytechnical University,
Xi'an 710072, China
e-mail: wyg704@nwpu.edu.cn

Nanshu Chen

School of Power and Energy,
Northwestern Polytechnical University,
Xi'an 710072, China
e-mail: chennanshu@mail.nwpu.edu.cn

Qingxi Li

School of Power and Energy,
Northwestern Polytechnical University,
Xi'an 710072, China;
Faculty Aerospace Engineering,
Delft University of Technology,
Delft 2629 HS, The Netherlands
e-mail: q.li-2@tudelft.nl

Georg Eitelberg

Faculty Aerospace Engineering,
Delft University of Technology,
Delft 2629 HS, The Netherlands;
German-Dutch Wind Tunnel,
Marknesse 8316 PR, The Netherlands
e-mail: g.eitelberg@tudelft.nl

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Turbomachinery Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received October 27, 2016; final manuscript received December 9, 2017; published online May 7, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Haixin Chen.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 140(8), 082605 (May 07, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: GTP-16-1512; doi: 10.1115/1.4038913 History: Received October 27, 2016; Revised December 09, 2017

The swirl recovery vane (SRV) oriented in the slipstream of the propeller can in principle recover the swirl effect and thus would improve the propulsion performance in terms of thrust production and propulsive efficiency. The present study employs the design of experiments (DoEs) method to optimize the geometry of the specific SRV for Fokker 29 propeller for the sake of further enhancing the thrust generation and swirling recovery. First, orthogonal experiment was employed to identify the most significant factors, which directly influence the thrust production. Second, steepest ascent method was used to search the optimum range of target factors through climbing and factorial experiments. The resulting optimal solution was evaluated by the center composite experiment. Results show that the thrust generated by the SRV has been increased significantly (11.78%) after optimization at the design point, and a 0.66% increment in the total efficiency of the propeller–SRV system has been obtained. For the off-design point, an increment of the total efficiency (2.10%) can be observed at low rotating speed. Additionally, the optimized SRV is able to correct the out-flow behavior at the tip region of the vane, where the tip vortex and swirl kinetic energy loss is weaken, and the thrust distribution along the spanwise direction tends to be more uniform.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Mitchell, G. A. , and Mikkelson, D. C. , 1982, “Summary and Recent Results From the NASA Advanced High-Speed Propeller Research Program,” AIAA Paper No. AIAA-82-1119.
Jeracki, R. J. , Mikkelson, D. C. , and Blaha, B. J. , 1979, “Wind Tunnel Performance of Four Energy Efficient Propellers Designed for Mach 0.8 Cruise,” SAE Paper No. 790573.
Thom, A. , and Duraisamy, K. , 2013, “Computational Investigation of Unsteadiness in Propeller Wake-Wing Interactions,” J. Aircr., 50(3), pp. 985–988. [CrossRef]
Gray, W. H. , and Biermann, D. , 1941, “Wind-Tunnel Tests of Eight-Blade Single- and Dual-Rotating Propellers in the Traction Position,” NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, Report No. NACA-WR-L-384. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19930093332
Gazzaniga, J. A. , and Rose, G. E. , 1992, “Wind Tunnel Performance Results of Swirl Recovery Vanes as Tested With an Advanced High Speed Propeller,” AIAA Paper No. AIAA-92-3770.
Wang, Y. , Li, Q. , Eitelberg, G. , Veldhuis, L. L. M. , and Kotsonis, M. , 2014, “Design and Numerical Investigation of Swirl Recovery Vanes for the Fokker 29 Propeller,” Chin. J. Aeronaut., 27(5), pp. 1128–1136. [CrossRef]
Li, Q. , Wang, Y. , and Eitelberg, G. , 2016, “An Investigation of Tip Vortices Unsteady Interaction for Fokker 29 Propeller With Swirl Recovery Vane,” Chin. J. Aeronaut., 29(1), pp. 117–128. [CrossRef]
Montgomery, D. C. , 2008, Design and Analysis of Experiments, 7th ed., Wiley, New York.
Fisher, R. A. , 1958, Statistical Methods for Research Workers, 13th ed., Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, UK.
Fisher, R. A. , 1966, The Design of Experiments, 8th ed., Haffner Publishing, New York.
Box, G. E. P. , and Wilson, K. B. , 1992, “On the Experimental Attainment of Optimum Conditions,” Breakthroughs in Statistics, Springer, New York, pp. 270–310. [CrossRef]
Deng, S. , Percin, M. , van Oudheusden, B. W. , Bijl, H. , Remes, B. , and Xiao, T. , 2017, “Numerical Simulation of a Flexible X-Wing Flapping-Wing Micro Air Vehicle,” AIAA J., 55(7), pp. 2295–2306. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Optimization procedure

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Schematic illustration of the computational domains

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Three-dimensional rendered geometry of propeller–SRV system

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Outflow angles of experimental and numerical results

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Sketch of the mesh

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Relation trends of orthogonal experiment results: “1” represents the lower factor level and “2” represents the higher factor level

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Thrust coefficient distribution along the spanwise direction of original and optimized SRV

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Contour of the swirl kinetic energy: (a) original design and (b) optimized design

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Comparison of the original and optimized SRV

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Performance comparison

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Contour map of response in center composite experiment design

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Contour map of y and the steepest ascent direction

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In