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research-article

Modelling Approach for a Hydrolysis Reactor for the Ammonia Production in Maritime SCR Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Katrin Johe

Chair of Thermodynamics Department of Mechanical Engineering Technical University Munich Munich, Germany 85748
katrin.johe@gmail.com

Thomas Sattelmayer

Chair of Thermodynamics Department of Mechanical Engineering Technical University Munich Munich, Germany 85748
sattelmayer@td.mw.tum.de

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4039762 History: Received February 20, 2018; Revised February 27, 2018

Abstract

The catalytic generation of ammonia from a liquid urea solution is a critical process determining the performance of SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) systems. Solid deposits on the catalyst surface from the decomposition of urea have to be avoided, as this leads to reduced system performance or even failure. At present, reactor design is often empirical, which poses a risk for costly iterations due to insufficient system performance. The presented research project proposed a performance prediction and modelling approach for SCR hydrolysis reactors generating ammonia from urea. Different configurations of hydrolysis reactors were investigated experimentally. Ammonia concentration measurements provided information about parameters influencing the decomposition of urea and the system performance. The evaporation of urea between injection and interaction with the catalyst was identified as the critical process driving the susceptibility to deposit formation. The spray of urea solution was characterised in terms of velocity distribution by means of particle-image velocimetry. Results were compared with theoretical predictions and calculation options for processes in the reactor were determined. Numerical simulation was used as an additional design and optimisation tool of the proposed model. The modelling approach is presented by a step-by-step method which takes into account design constraints and operating conditions for hydrolysis reactors.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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