Technical Brief

Optimization of the Efficiency of Stall Control Using Air Injection for Centrifugal Compressors- Additional Findings

[+] Author and Article Information
Taher Halawa

Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4039820 History: Received February 18, 2018; Revised February 18, 2018


This study presents additional important findings to the results of the research paper; "Optimization of the efficiency of stall control using air injection for centrifugal compressors" published in the Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power in 2015. The aim of this study is to make a fine determination of the injection angle which provides the best stable condition when the compressor operates close to stall condition. A relatively narrower range of injection angles with smaller intervals was selected comparing to the results of the referred published paper which clarified that the best injection angle is 30 deg. External air was injected close to the diffuser entrance at the shroud surface. Injection was applied with mass flow rate equals 1.5% of the design compressor inlet mass flow rate with injection angles ranged from 16 deg to 34 deg measured from the tangential direction at the vaneless region. It was found that both of injection angles of 28 deg and 30 deg achieved the best results in terms of compressor stabilization but each one of them has a specific advantage comparing to the other one. Using injection angle of 28 deg provided the lowest kinetic energy losses while the best orientation of the fluid through diffuser resulted when using an injection angle of 30 deg.

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