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research-article

PARTIALLY PREMIXED COMBUSTION APPLICATION FOR DIESEL POWER IMPROVEMENT

[+] Author and Article Information
Michael Walker

US Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
m186810@usna.edu

Robert Kelso

US Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
robbykelso@gmail.com

Kevin Bowes

NAVAIR, PAX River NAS, MD, USA
boweskevin@gmail.com

Leonard Hamilton

US Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
ljhamilt@usna.edu

Dianne Luning Prak

US Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
prak@usna.edu

Jim Cowart

US Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
cowart@usna.edu

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4039809 History: Received February 20, 2018; Revised March 05, 2018

Abstract

A partially premixed combustion (PPC) approach was applied in a single cylinder diesel research engine in order to characterize engine power improvements. PPC is an alternative advanced combustion approach that generally results in lower engine-out soot and NOx emission, with a moderate penalty in engine-out unburned hydrocarbon (UHC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions. In this study PPC is accomplished with a minority fraction of jet fuel injected into the intake manifold, while the majority fraction of jet fuel is delivered directly to the combustion chamber near the start of combustion (SOC). Four compression ratios (CR) were studied. Exhaust emissions plus exhaust opacity and particulate measurements were performed during the experiments in addition to fast in-cylinder combustion metrics. It was seen that as CR increased the soot threshold equivalence ratio decreased for conventional diesel combustion, however this afforded an increased opportunity for higher levels of port injected fuel leading to power increases from 5 to 23% as CR increased from 14 to 21.5. PPC allowed for these power increases (defined by a threshold opacity level of 3%) due to smaller particles (and lower overall number of particles) in the exhaust that influence measured opacity less significantly than larger and more numerous conventional diesel combustion exhaust particulates. Carbon monoxide levels at the higher PPC driven power levels were only modestly higher, although NOx was generally lower due to the overall enriched operation.

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