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research-article

REGENERATIVE HYDRAULIC ASSISTED TURBOCHARGER

[+] Author and Article Information
Tao Zeng

1497 Engineering Research Court, E142 East Lansing, MI 48824
zengtao2@msu.edu

Devesh Upadhyay

2101 village road, Scientific Research Labs MD 2036 Dearborn, MI 48124
dupadhya@ford.com

Harold Sun

3296 Bloomfield Park Dr. West Bloomfield Dr., MI 48323 China
harold.sun@sbcglobal.net

Eric Curtis

2101 Village Road Dearborn, MI 48121
ecurtis@ford.com

Guoming George Zhu

148 ERC-South Mechanical Enginerring East Lansing, MI 48824
zhug@egr.msu.edu

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4039937 History: Received August 11, 2017; Revised September 29, 2017

Abstract

Turbocharging is one technology to meet future US fuel economy mandates. Fuel economy improvements must, however, be achieved without sacrificing performance. High throughput turbochargers are especially susceptible to this dynamic and are often equipped with variable geometry turbines (VGT) to mitigate some of this effect. Assisted boosting techniques that add power directly to the TC shaft from a power source that is independent of the engine have been shown to significantly reduce turbo-lag. Single unit assisted turbochargers are either electrically assisted or hydraulically assisted. In this study a regenerative hydraulically assisted turbocharger (RHAT) system is evaluated. A custom designed RHAT system is coupled to a light duty diesel engine and is analyzed via vehicle and engine simulations for performance and energy requirements over standard test cycles. Supplier provided performance maps for the hydraulic turbine, hydraulic turbo pump were used. A production controller was coupled with the engine model and upgraded to control the engagement and disengagement of RHAT, with energy management strategies. Results show some interesting dynamics and shed light on system capabilities especially with regard to the energy balance between the assist and regenerative functions. Design considerations based on open loop simulations are used for sizing the high pressure accumulator. Simulation results show that the proposed RHAT turbocharger system can significantly improve engine transient response. Vehicle level simulations that include the driveline were also conducted and showed potential for up to 4% fuel economy improvement over the FTP 75 drive cycle.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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