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Research Papers

Extension of Fuel Flexibility by Combining Intelligent Control Methods for Siemens SGT-400 Dry Low Emission Combustion System

[+] Author and Article Information
Kexin Liu

Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery Ltd,
Lincoln LN7 5FD, UK
e-mail: kexin.liu@siemens.com

Phill Hubbard, Suresh Sadasivuni, Ghenadie Bulat

Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery Ltd,
Lincoln LN7 5FD, UK

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received June 21, 2018; final manuscript received June 26, 2018; published online September 14, 2018. Editor: Jerzy T. Sawicki.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 141(1), 011003 (Sep 14, 2018) (8 pages) Paper No: GTP-18-1268; doi: 10.1115/1.4040689 History: Received June 21, 2018; Revised June 26, 2018

Extension of gas fuel flexibility of a current production SGT-400 industrial gas turbine combustor system is reported in this paper. A SGT-400 engine with hybrid combustion system configuration to meet a customer's specific requirements was string tested. This engine was tested with the gas turbine package driver unit and the gas compressor-driven unit to operate on and switch between three different fuels with temperature-corrected Wobbe index (TCWI) varying between 45 MJ/m3, 38 MJ/m3, and 30 MJ/m3. The alteration of fuel heating value was achieved by injection or withdrawal of N2 into or from the fuel system. The results show that the engine can maintain stable operation on and switching between these three different fuels with fast changeover rate of the heating value greater than 10% per minute without shutdown or change in load condition. High-pressure rig tests were carried out to demonstrate the capabilities of the combustion system at engine operating conditions across a wide range of ambient conditions. Variations of the fuel heating value, with Wobbe index (WI) of 30 MJ/Sm3, 33 MJ/Sm3, 35 MJ/Sm3, and 45 MJ/Sm3 (natural gas, NG) at standard conditions, were achieved by blending NG with CO2 as diluent. Emissions, combustion dynamics, fuel pressure, and flashback monitoring via measurement of burner metal temperatures, were the main parameters used to evaluate the impact of fuel flexibility on combustor performance. Test results show that NOx emissions decrease as the fuel heating value is reduced. Also note that a decreasing fuel heating value leads to a requirement to increase the fuel supply pressure. Effect of fuel heating value on combustion was investigated, and the reduction in adiabatic flame temperature and laminar flame speed was observed for lower heating value fuels. The successful development program has increased the capability of the SGT-400 standard production dry low emissions (DLE) burner configuration to operate with a range of fuels covering a WI corrected to the normal conditions from 30 MJ/N·m3 to 49 MJ/N·m3. The tests results obtained on the Siemens SGT-400 combustion system provide significant experience for industrial gas turbine burner design for fuel flexibility.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Siemens DLE combustor configuration

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Fig. 2

Siemens DLE combustor sectional review and combustion concept

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Fig. 3

SGT-400 MCV fuels expansion

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Fig. 4

Schematic diagram of the HPAF with fuel blending equipment

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Fig. 5

Arrangement of fuel system with burners

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Fig. 6

Time trends of emissions and TCWI

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Fig. 7

Fuel heating value changeover rate at selected maneuvers

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Fig. 8

Combustion dynamics signals for cans in positions 2 and 3

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Fig. 9

Fuel WI records during test

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Fig. 10

NOx emissions and burner surface temperature versus turbine entry temperature

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Fig. 11

Combustion dynamics magnitude versus frequency

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Fig. 12

Fuel mass flow versus turbine entry temperature

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Fig. 13

Laminar flame speed and reduction in adiabatic flame temperature with CO2 in the fuel

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