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research-article

Impact Analysis of Pocket Damper Seal Geometry Variations on Leakage Performance and Rotordynamic Force Coefficients Using CFD

[+] Author and Article Information
Clemens Griebel

Institute for Energy Systems Technical University of Munich 85748 Garching, Germany
clemens.griebel@tum.de

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4040749 History: Received June 25, 2018; Revised June 29, 2018

Abstract

In this paper, different notch and partition wall arrangements of a fully partitioned pocket damper seal (FPDS) are investigated using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The CFD model is derived for a baseline FPDS design reflecting the full sealing configuration with a structured mesh. Steady-state simulations are performed for eccentric rotor position and different operational parameters. The results are validated using experimental cavity pressure measurements. In transient computations, rotor whirl is modeled as a circular motion around an initial eccentricity using a moving mesh technique. Different whirl frequencies are computed to account for the frequency-dependent behavior of damper seals. The stiffness and damping coefficients are evaluated from the impedances in the frequency domain using a Fast Fourier Transform. The validated model is then transferred to varying designs. In addition to the baseline design, six different notch arrangements with constant clearance ratio were modeled. Moreover, two partition wall design variations were studied based on manufacturability considerations. Predicted leakage as well as frequency-dependent stiffness and damping coefficients are presented and the impact of geometry variations on these parameters is discussed. The results suggest that a single centered notch is favorable and indicate considerably higher effective damping for a design with staggered partition walls. A rounded partition wall design with significantly eased manufacturing reveals good performance.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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