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Research Papers

Design and Application of a Multidisciplinary Predesign Process for Novel Engine Concepts

[+] Author and Article Information
Stanislaus Reitenbach

German Aerospace Center,
Institute of Propulsion Technology,
Linder Hoehe,
Cologne D-51147, Germany
e-mail: stanislaus.reitenbach@dlr.de

Alexander Krumme

German Aerospace Center,
Institute of Propulsion Technology,
Linder Hoehe,
Cologne D-51147, Germany
e-mail: alexander.krumme@dlr.de

Thomas Behrendt

German Aerospace Center,
Institute of Propulsion Technology,
Linder Hoehe,
Cologne D-51147, Germany
e-mail: thomas.behrendt@dlr.de

Markus Schnös

German Aerospace Center,
Institute of Propulsion Technology,
Linder Hoehe,
Cologne D-51147, Germany
e-mail: markus.schnoes@dlr.de

Thomas Schmidt

German Aerospace Center,
Institute of Structures and Design,
Pfaffenwaldring 38-40,
Stuttgart D-70569, Germany
e-mail: thomas.schmidt@dlr.de

Sandrine Hönig

German Aerospace Center,
Institute of Structures and Design,
Pfaffenwaldring 38-40,
Stuttgart D-70569, Germany
e-mail: sandrine.hoenig@dlr.de

Robert Mischke

German Aerospace Center,
Simulation and Software Technology,
Linder Hoehe,
Cologne D-51147, Germany
e-mail: thomas.behrendt@dlr.de

Erwin Mörland

German Aerospace Center,
Institute of Systems
Architectures in Aeronautics,
Hein-Saß-Weg 22,
Hamburg D-21129, Germany
e-mail: erwin.moerland@dlr.de

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received June 26, 2018; final manuscript received June 29, 2018; published online September 17, 2018. Editor: Jerzy T. Sawicki.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 141(1), 011017 (Sep 17, 2018) (11 pages) Paper No: GTP-18-1359; doi: 10.1115/1.4040750 History: Received June 26, 2018; Revised June 29, 2018

The purpose of this paper is to present a multidisciplinary predesign process and its application to three aero-engine models. First, a twin spool mixed flow turbofan engine model is created for validation purposes. The second and third engine models investigated comprise future engine concepts: a counter rotating open rotor (CROR) and an ultrahigh bypass turbofan. The turbofan used for validation is based on publicly available reference data from manufacturing and emission certification. At first, the identified interfaces and constraints of the entire predesign process are presented. An important factor of complexity in this highly iterative procedure is the intricate data flow, as well as the extensive amount of data transferred between all involved disciplines and among different fidelity levels applied within the design phases. To cope with the inherent complexity, data modeling techniques have been applied to explicitly determine required data structures of those complex systems. The resulting data model characterizing the components of a gas turbine and their relationships in the design process is presented in detail. Based on the data model, the entire engine predesign process is presented. Starting with the definition of a flight mission scenario and resulting top level engine requirements, thermodynamic engine performance models are developed. By means of these thermodynamic models, a detailed engine component predesign is conducted. The aerodynamic and structural design of the engine components are executed using a stepwise increase in level of detail and are continuously evaluated in context of the overall engine system.

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Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Topics: Engines , Design
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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic representation of the PEGASUS design process and the participating disciplines

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Fig. 2

Basic aspects of designing complex systems

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Fig. 3

Simplified UML representation of a compressor system

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Fig. 4

DLR compressor predesign process and tools

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Fig. 5

COSMA processed data: temperature and Tsai-Wu safety factor distribution on the outer face of the tubular WHIPOX combustor

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Fig. 6

DLR turbine predesign process and tools

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Fig. 7

Shaft design path with ShaftFEM

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Fig. 8

Turbofan engine cross section displayed in GTlab

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Fig. 9

Final 3D CAD model of the turbofan engine

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Fig. 10

Final 3D CAD model of the CROR engine

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Fig. 11

Final 3D CAD model of the UHBR engine

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