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research-article

Thermoacoustic Instability Model with Porous Media: Linear Stability Analysis and the Impact of Porous Media

[+] Author and Article Information
Cody Dowd

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA
cdowd33@vt.edu

Joseph Meadows

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA
jwm84@vt.edu

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041025 History: Received June 22, 2018; Revised July 06, 2018

Abstract

Lean premixed (LPM) combustion systems are susceptible to thermoacoustic instability, which occurs when acoustic pressure oscillations are in phase with the unsteady heat release rates. Porous media has inherent acoustic damping properties, and has been shown to mitigate thermoacoustic instability; however, theoretical models for predicting thermoacoustic instability with porous media do not exist. In the present study, a 1-D model has been developed for the linear stability analysis of the longitudinal modes for a series of constant cross-sectional area ducts with porous media using a n-Tau flame transfer function. By studying the linear regime, the prediction of acoustic growth rates and subsequently the stability of the system is possible. A transfer matrix approach is used to solve for acoustic perturbations of pressure and velocity, stability growth rate, and frequency shift without and with porous media. The Galerkin approximation is used to approximate the stability growth rate and frequency shift, and it is compared to the numerical solution of the governing equations. Porous media is modeled using the following properties: porosity, flow resistivity, effective bulk modulus, and structure factor. The properties of porous media are systematically varied to determine the impact on the eigenfrequencies and stability growth rates. Porous media is shown to increase the stability domain for a range of time delays (Tau) compared to similar cases without porous media.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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