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research-article

Characterization of an Aircraft Auxiliary Power Unit Test Rig for Cycle Optimization Studies

[+] Author and Article Information
Jan Zanger

Institute of Combustion Technology, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Stuttgart, Germany, 70569
jan.zanger@dlr.de

Thomas Krummrein

Institute of Combustion Technology, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Stuttgart, Germany, 70569
thomas.krummrein@dlr.de

Teresa Siebel

Institute of Combustion Technology, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Stuttgart, Germany, 70569
teresa.siebel@dlr.de

Jürgen Roth

Institute of Combustion Technology, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Stuttgart, Germany, 70569
juergen.roth@dlr.de

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041119 History: Received July 05, 2018; Revised July 17, 2018

Abstract

Detailed information of the thermodynamic parameters, system performance and operating behavior of aircraft APU cycles is rarely available in literature. In order to set up numeric models and study cycle modifications, validation data with well defined boundary conditions is needed. Thus, the paper introduces an APU test rig based on a Garrett GTCP36-28 with detailed instrumentation which will be used in a further step as a demonstration platform for cycle modifications. The system is characterized in the complete feasible operating range by alternating bleed air load and electric power output. Furthermore, simulations of a validated numerical cycle model are utilized to predict the load points in the operating region which were unstable during measurements. The paper reports and discusses turbine shaft speed, compressor air mass flow, fuel mass flow, efficiencies, compressor outlet pressure and temperature, turbine inlet and outlet temperature as well as exhaust gas emissions. Furthermore, the results are discussed with respect of the difference compared to a Hamilton Sundstrand APS3200. Though the efficiencies of the GTCP36-28 are lower compared to the APS3200, the general behavior is in good agreement. In particular, the effects of separate compressors for load and power section are discussed in contrast to the GTCP36-28 system design comprising a single compressor. In general, it was shown that the GTCP36-28 is still appropriate for the utilization as a demonstration platform for cycle modification studies.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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