Research Papers

Assessment of External Heat Transfer Modeling of a Laboratory-Scale Combustor: Effects of Pressure-Housing Environment and Semi-Transparent Viewing Windows

[+] Author and Article Information
P. Rodrigues, O. Gicquel, N. Darabiha

Laboratoire EM2C, CNRS, CentraleSupélec,
Université Paris-Saclay,
8-10 Rue Joliot Curie,
Gif-sur-Yvette cedex 91192, France

K. P. Geigle

German Aerospace Center (DLR),
Institute of Combustion Technology,
Pfaffenwaldring 38-40,
Stuttgart 70569, Germany

R. Vicquelin

Laboratoire EM2C, CNRS, CentraleSupélec,
Université Paris-Saclay,
8-10 Rue Joliot Curie,
Gif-sur-Yvette cedex 91192, France
e-mail: ronan.vicquelin@centralesupelec.fr

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received July 13, 2018; final manuscript received July 30, 2018; published online October 4, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Michael Mueller.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 141(3), 031011 (Oct 04, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: GTP-18-1488; doi: 10.1115/1.4041242 History: Received July 13, 2018; Revised July 30, 2018

Many laboratory-scale combustors are equipped with viewing windows to allow for characterization of the reactive flow. Additionally, pressure housing is used in this configuration to study confined pressurized flames. Since the flame characteristics are influenced by heat losses, the prediction of wall temperature fields becomes increasingly necessary to account for conjugate heat transfer (CHT) in simulations of reactive flows. For configurations similar to this one, the pressure housing makes the use of such computations difficult in the whole system. It is, therefore, more appropriate to model the external heat transfer beyond the first set of quartz windows. The present study deals with the derivation of such a model, which accounts for convective heat transfer from quartz windows external face cooling system, free convection on the quartz windows 2, quartz windows radiative properties, radiative transfer inside the pressure housing, and heat conduction through the quartz window. The presence of semi-transparent viewing windows demands additional care in describing its effects in combustor heat transfers. Because this presence is not an issue in industrial-scale combustors with opaque enclosures, it remains hitherto unaddressed in laboratory-scale combustors. After validating the model for the selected setup, the sensitivity of several modeling choices is computed. This enables a simpler expression of the external heat transfer model that can be easily implemented in coupled simulations.

Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Higgins, B. , McQuay, M. Q. , Lacas, F. , Rolon, J. C. , Darabiha, N. , and Candel, S. , 2001, “ Systematic Measurements of oh Chemiluminescence for Fuel-Lean, High-Pressure, Premixed, Laminar Flames,” Fuel, 80(1), pp. 67–74. [CrossRef]
Tsurikov, M. S. , Geigle, K. P. , Krüger, V. , Schneider-Kühnle, Y. , Stricker, W. , Lückerath, R. , Hadef, R. , and Aigner, M. , 2005, “ Laser-Based Investigation of Soot Formation in Laminar Premixed Flames at Atmospheric and Elevated Pressures,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 177(10), pp. 1835–1862. [CrossRef]
Malbois, P. , Salaun, E. , Frindt, F. , Cabot, G. , Renou, B. , Grisch, F. , Bouheraoua, L. , Verdier, H. , and Richard, S. , 2017, “ Experimental Investigation With Optical Diagnostics of a Lean-Premixed Aero-Engine Injection System Under Relevant Operating Conditions,” ASME Paper No. GT2017-64484.
Geigle, K. P. , Hadef, R. , and Meier, W. , 2013, “ Soot Formation and Flame Characterization of an Aero-Engine Model Combustor Burning Ethylene at Elevated Pressure,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 136(2), p. 021505. [CrossRef]
Heraeus, 2018, “ Quartz Glass for Optics Data and Properties,” Heraeus, Shanghai, China.
Eberle, C. , Gerlinger, P. M. , Geigle, K. P. , and Aigner, M. , 2014, “ Soot Predictions in an Aero-Engine Model Combustor at Elevated Pressure Using URANS and Finite-Rate Chemistry,” AIAA Paper No. AIAA 2014-3472.
Franzelli, B. , Riber, E. , Cuenot, B. , and Ihme, M. , 2015, “ Numerical Modeling of Soot Production in Aero-Engine Combustors Using Large Eddy Simulations,” ASME Paper No. GT2015-43630.
Eberle, C. , Gerlinger, P. , Geigle, K. P. , and Aigner, M. , 2015, “ Numerical Investigation of Transient Soot Evolution Processes in an Aero-Engine Model Combustor,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 187(12), pp. 1841–1866. [CrossRef]
Koo, H. , Hassanaly, M. , Raman, V. , Mueller, M. E. , and Peter Geigle, K. , 2016, “ Large-Eddy Simulation of Soot Formation in a Model Gas Turbine Combustor,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 139(3), p. 031503. [CrossRef]
Wick, A. , Priesack, F. , and Pitsch, H. , 2017, “ Large-Eddy Simulation and Detailed Modeling of Soot Evolution in a Model Aero Engine Combustor,” ASME Paper No. GT2017-63293.
Eberle, C. , Gerlinger, P. , Geigle, K. P. , and Aigner, M. , 2018, “ Toward Finite-Rate Chemistry Large-Eddy Simulations of Sooting Swirl Flames,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 190(7), pp. 1194–1217. [CrossRef]
Nogenmyr, K. J. , Cao, H. J. , Chan, C. K. , and Cheng, R. K. , 2013, “ Effects of Confinement on Premixed Turbulent Swirling Flame Using Large Eddy Simulation,” Combust. Theory Modell., 17(6), pp. 1003–1019. [CrossRef]
Guiberti, T. F. , Durox, D. , Scouflaire, P. , and Schuller, T. , 2015, “ Impact of Heat Loss and Hydrogen Enrichment on the Shape of Confined Swirling Flames,” Proc. Combust. Inst., 35(2), pp. 1385–1392. [CrossRef]
Tay-Wo-Chong, L. , Zellhuber, M. , Komarek, T. , Im, H. G. , and Polifke, W. , 2016, “ Combined Influence of Strain and Heat Loss on Turbulent Premixed Flame Stabilization,” Flow, Turbul. Combust., 97(1), pp. 263–294. [CrossRef]
Mercier, R. , Guiberti, T. F. , Chatelier, A. , Durox, D. , Gicquel, O. , Darabiha, N. , Schuller, T. , and Fiorina, B. , 2016, “ Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Influence of Thermal Boundary Conditions on Premixed Swirling Flame Stabilization,” Combust. Flame, 171(Suppl. C), pp. 42–58. [CrossRef]
Ihme, M. , and Pitsch, H. , 2008, “ Modeling of Radiation and Nitric Oxide Formation in Turbulent Nonpremixed Flames Using a Flamelet/Progress Variable Formulation,” Phys. Fluids, 20(5), p. 055110.
Lamouroux, J. , Ihme, M. , Fiorina, B. , and Gicquel, O. , 2014, “ Tabulated Chemistry Approach for Diluted Combustion Regimes With Internal Recirculation and Heat Losses,” Combust. Flame, 161(8), pp. 2120–2136. [CrossRef]
Jaure, S. , Duchaine, F. , Staffelbach, G. , and Gicquel, L. , 2013, “ Massively Parallel Conjugate Heat Transfer Methods Relying on Large Eddy Simulation Applied to an Aeronautical Combustor,” Comput. Sci. Discovery, 6(1), p. 015008. [CrossRef]
Mari, R. , Cuenot, B. , Rocchi, J.-P. , Selle, L. , and Duchaine, F. , 2016, “ Effect of Pressure on Hydrogen/Oxygen Coupled Flame–Wall Interaction,” Combust. Flame, 168(6), pp. 409–419. [CrossRef]
Miguel-Brebion, M. , Mejia, D. , Xavier, P. , Duchaine, F. , Bedat, B. , Selle, L. , and Poinsot, T. , 2016, “ Joint Experimental and Numerical Study of the Influence of Flame Holder Temperature on the Stabilization of a Laminar Methane Flame on a Cylinder,” Combust. Flame, 172(Suppl. C), pp. 153–161. [CrossRef]
Jones, W. P. , and Paul, M. C. , 2005, “ Combination of Dom With LES in a Gas Turbine Combustor,” Int. J. Eng. Sci., 43(5–6), pp. 379–397. [CrossRef]
Gonçalves dos Santos, R. , Lecanu, M. , Ducruix, S. , Gicquel, O. , Iacona, E. , and Veynante, D. , 2008, “ Coupled Large Eddy Simulations of Turbulent Combustion and Radiative Heat Transfer,” Combust. Flame, 152(3), pp. 387–400. [CrossRef]
Poitou, D. , Amaya, J. , El Hafi, M. , and Cuenot, B. , 2012, “ Analysis of the Interaction Between Turbulent Combustion and Thermal Radiation Using Unsteady Coupled Les/Dom Simulations,” Combust. Flame, 159(4), pp. 1605–1618. [CrossRef]
Berger, S. , Richard, S. , Duchaine, F. , Staffelbach, G. , and Gicquel, L. Y. M. , 2016, “ On the Sensitivity of a Helicopter Combustor Wall Temperature to Convective and Radiative Thermal Loads,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 103(6), pp. 1450–1459. [CrossRef]
Koren, C. , Vicquelin, R. , and Gicquel, O. , 2018, “ Multiphysics Simulation Combining Large-Eddy Simulation, Wall Heat Conduction and Radiative Energy Transfer to Predict Wall Temperature Induced by a Confined Premixed Swirling Flame,” Flow, Turbul. Combust., 101(1), pp. 77–102. [CrossRef]
Modest, M. F. , and Haworth, D. C. , 2016, Radiative Heat Transfer in Turbulent Combustion Systems, Springer, Cham, Switzerland.
Zhao, X. Y. , Haworth, D. C. , Ren, T. , and Modest, M. F. , 2013, “ A Transported Probability Density Function/Photon Monte Carlo Method for High-Temperature Oxynatural Gas Combustion With Spectral Gas and Wall Radiation,” Combust. Theory Modell., 17(2), pp. 354–381. [CrossRef]
Poitou, D. , El Hafi, M. , and Cuenot, B. , 2011, “ Analysis of Radiation Modeling for Turbulent Combustion: Development of a Methodology to Couple Turbulent Combustion and Radiative Heat Transfer in LES,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 133(6), p. 062701. [CrossRef]
Nau, P. , Yin, Z. , Geigle, K. P. , and Meier, W. , 2017, “ Wall Temperature Measurements at High Pressures and Temperatures in Sooting Flames in a Gas Turbine Model Combustor,” Appl. Phys. B, 123(12), p. 279. [CrossRef]
Green, D. , and Perry, R. , 2007, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, 8th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Glauert, M. B. , 1956, “ The Wall Jet,” J. Fluid Mech., 1(6), pp. 625–643. [CrossRef]
Schwarz, W. H. , and Caswell, B. , 1961, “ Some Heat Transfer Characteristics of the Two-Dimensional Laminar Incompressible Wall Jet,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 16(3–4), pp. 338–351. [CrossRef]
Issa, J. , and Ortega, A. , 2004, “ Numerical Computation of the Heat Transfer and Fluid Mechanics in the Laminar Wall Jet and Comparison to the Self-Similar Solutions,” ASME Paper No. IMECE2004-61701.
Issa, J. S. , 2006, “ Scaling of Convective Heat Transfer in Laminar and Turbulent Wall Jets With Effects of Freestream Flow and Forcing,” Ph.D. thesis, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
Churchill, S. W. , and Chu, H. H. S. , 1975, “ Correlating Equations for Laminar and Turbulent Free Convection From a Vertical Plate,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 18(11), pp. 1323–1329. [CrossRef]
Corning, “ Corning® hpfs® 7979, 7980, 8655 Fused Silica, Optical Materials Product Information,” Corning Inc., Corning, NY.
Modest, M. F. , 2013, Radiative Heat Transfer, 3rd ed., Academic Press, Boston, MA.
Howell, J. , Menguc, M. , and Siegel, R. , 2010, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, 5th ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Combis, P. , Cormont, P. , Gallais, L. , Hebert, D. , Robin, L. , and Rullier, J.-L. , 2012, “ Evaluation of the Fused Silica Thermal Conductivity by Comparing Infrared Thermometry Measurements With Two-Dimensional Simulations,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 101(21), p. 211908. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Design of burner, combustion chamber, and optical module of pressure housing

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Measured temperatures of the inner and outer surface of the combustion chamber windows along the vertical axis for case 1 [29]. Lines correspond to fits of the experimental data.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Representation of the heat exchanges outside the combustion chamber. The defined sizes are L = 120 mm, l = 60 mm, b = 108 mm, e1 = 3 mm and e2 = 40 mm. Brown faces correspond to stainless steel surrounding air inside the pressure housing.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Combustion chamber quartz cooling system (from ISF communication)2

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Internal transmittance of a 1 cm Corning HPFS 7980 quartz slab (from Ref. [36])

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Thermal conductivity of quartz as a function of temperature T. Shaded region corresponds to quartz temperatures higher than their annealing temperature (1315 K).

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Planck mean modeled external absorptance (Aslab¯(T)), transmittance (Tslab¯(T)) and reflectance (Rslab¯(T)) as a function of incident source temperature T for a 3 mm thickness Corning HPFS 7980 quartz

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Transparent and nontransparent spectral band model for a 3 mm thickness Corning HPFS 7980 quartz

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Computed quartz slab absorptance (Aλslab), transmittance (Tλslab) and reflectance (Rλslab) as a function of the wavelength λ for a 3 mm thickness. The quartz reference is Corning HPFS 7980.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Sensitivity of the predicted conductive flux to the stainless steel temperature T3 (a), the heat transfer coefficient h1¯ (b), the quartz separating distance b (c), the temperature of air inside the pressure housing Tinair (d) and the external ambient temperature Toutair (e). Black vertical dashed lines correspond to nominal values: (a) sensitivity to the temperature T3, (b) sensitivity to the heat transfer coefficient h1¯, (c) sensitivity to the distance b, (d) sensitivity to the temperature Tinair, and (e) sensitivity to the temperature Toutair.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Evolution of error between complete and simplified models on radiative flux exiting quartz windows 1 as a function of stainless steel emissivity ελ,3



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In