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research-article

Background Oriented Schlieren of fuel jet flapping under thermoacoustic oscillations in a sequential combustor

[+] Author and Article Information
Markus Weilenmann

CAPS Laboratory, Dept. of Mech. and Process Eng., ETHZ, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland
wemarkus@ethz.ch

Yuan Xiong

CAPS Laboratory, Dept. of Mech. and Process Eng., ETHZ, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland
xiyuan@ethz.ch

Mirko R. Bothien

Ansaldo Energia Switzerland Ltd, 5401 Baden, Switzerland
mirko.bothien@ansaldoenergia.com

Nicolas Noiray

CAPS Laboratory, Dept. of Mech. and Process Eng., ETHZ, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland
noirayn@ethz.ch

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041240 History: Received July 16, 2018; Revised July 30, 2018

Abstract

This study deals with thermoacoustic instabilities in a generic sequential combustor. The thermoacoustic feedback involves two flames: the perfectly premixed swirled flame anchored in the first stage and the sequential flame established downstream of the mixing section, into which secondary fuel is injected in the vitiated stream from the first stage. It is shown that the large amplitude flapping of the secondary fuel jet in the mixing section plays a key role in the thermoacoustic feedback. This evidence is brought using high-speed Background Oriented Schlieren (BOS). The fuel jet flapping is induced by the intense acoustic field at the fuel injection point. It has two consequences: first, it leads to the advection of equivalence ratio oscillations toward the sequential flame; second, it modulates the residence time of the ignitable mixture in the mixing section, which periodically triggers autoignition kernels developing upstream of the chamber. In addition, the BOS images are processed to quantify the flow velocity in the mixing section and these results are validated using PIV. This study presents a new type of thermoacoustic feedback mechanism which is peculiar to sequential combustion systems. In addition, it demonstrates how BOS can effectively complement other diagnostic techniques that are routinely used for the study of thermoacoustic instabilities.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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