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Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Coal, Biomass, and Alternative Fuels

Challenges and Solutions for Utilization of Bioliquids in Microturbines

[+] Author and Article Information
Tine Seljak

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Ljubljana,
Aškerčeva cesta 6,
Ljubljana SI-1000, Slovenia
e-mail: tine.seljak@fs.uni-lj.si

Klemen Pavalec

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Ljubljana,
Aškerčeva cesta 6,
Ljubljana SI-1000, Slovenia
e-mail: klemen.pavalec@gmail.com

Marco Buffi

Industrial Engineering Department,
University of Florence,
Via di S. Marta, 3,
Firenze 50139, Italy
e-mail: marco.buffi@re-cord.org

Agustin Valera-Medina

Cardiff University,
Queen's Building,
The Parade,
Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK
e-mail: valeramedinaa1@cardiff.ac.uk

David Chiaramonti

University of Florence,
Industrial Engineering Department,
Via di S. Marta, 3,
Firenze 50139, Italy
e-mail: david.chiaramonti@unifi.it

Tomaž Katrašnik

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Ljubljana,
Aškerčeva cesta 6,
Ljubljana SI-1000, Slovenia
e-mail: tomaz.katrasnik@fs.uni-lj.si

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Coal, Biomass and Alternate Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received July 30, 2018; final manuscript received August 15, 2018; published online October 5, 2018. Editor: Jerzy T. Sawicki.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 141(3), 031401 (Oct 05, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: GTP-18-1528; doi: 10.1115/1.4041312 History: Received July 30, 2018; Revised August 15, 2018

Increased public concerns and stricter regulatory frameworks promote the role of bioliquids (liquid fuel for energy purposes other than for transport, including electricity and heating and cooling, produced from biomass). This is a driving force for development and employment of micro-gas turbines (MGTs) due to their ability to combust bioliquids with less favorable properties in a decentralized manner. Gas turbines are characterized by relatively high combustion efficiency at relatively low concentrations of harmful emissions, relatively high effective efficiency and durability when utilizing a common portfolio of gas turbine approved fuels. It is thus desired to preserve these advantages of gas turbines also while burning bioliquids and further relying on their scalability that is crucial to efficient support of decentralized energy production at small scales. To support these objectives, MGT technology needs to allow for utilization of bioliquids with much wider spectrum of physical and chemical properties compared to common commercially available MGTs in a single MGT-based plant. In this view, the present study is providing the first thorough overview of challenges and solutions encountered by researchers across the wide area of bioliquids in MGTs.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Microturbine topology with indicated key characteristics (adopted after Ref. [1])

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Impact of proposed guidelines on key desired properties of MGT

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Increasing contaminant content along the acidic fuel lifecycle (arrow direction) in stainless steel equipped preheating system

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Example of thermally insulated nozzle [65]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

The impact of exhaust gas heat regeneration on stability of operational parameters in MGT, fired with highly viscous bioliquid (upper-w/o regeneration and lower w/regeneration) [70]

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