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Review Article

A Critique on the Research Activities and Potential Benefits of Dual-Fuel Diesel Engines Run on Biogas and Oxygenated Liquid Fuels

[+] Author and Article Information
Achinta Sarkar

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati,
Guwahati 781039, India
e-mail: achinta.sarkar1@gmail.com

Ujjwal K. Saha

Professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati,
Guwahati 781039, India
e-mail: saha@iitg.ac.in

Manuscript received January 29, 2018; final manuscript received December 1, 2018; published online January 9, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Ajay Agrawal.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 141(6), 060801 (Jan 09, 2019) (26 pages) Paper No: GTP-18-1033; doi: 10.1115/1.4042168 History: Received January 29, 2018; Revised December 01, 2018

The dual fuel concept of diesel engines is gaining popularity because of their ability to use alternative renewable gaseous fuels (natural gas, biogas, producer gas) and liquid fuels (biodiesel, alcohol, and others) simultaneously. The dual fuel mode (DFM) not only reduces the consumption of diesel or substitutes the diesel fuel, but there is an advantage of operating the engine in pure diesel mode (PDM) in case of shortage of gaseous primary fuel. The uses of renewable fuels in such engines have the positive impact on green ecosystem in terms of reduction in NOx and smoke emissions; however, there is the engine derating as performance penalty in comparison to engines operating under PDM. The most influential parameters in DFM engines are the type and flow rate of inducted gaseous fuel, fuel–air equivalence ratio (Φglobal), compression ratio (CR), and injection timing (IT). During the last few decades, the researchers have studied the effect of various parameters to improve the overall performance characteristics (performance, combustion, and emission) of DFM engines. This paper makes an in-depth analysis to unveil the physical characteristics of the crucial parameters of DFM engines with specific reference to the use of biogas with ternary blends (TB) of diesel, biodiesel, and ethanol. The paper addresses the issues on how the gaseous fuel flow rate, preheating of the intake charge, compression ratio, injection timing, and the type of oxygenated fuels dominate the overall performance characteristics.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Variation of fuel flow rates with engine load: (a) Bora and Saha [67] and (b) Verma et al. [74]

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Fig. 2

Variations of different performance parameters with applied load on engine: ((a)–(c)) Sarkar and Saha [76] and (d) Sarkar and Saha [53]

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Fig. 3

Variations of BTE with load: (a) Bora and Saha [67], (b) Barik and Murugan [75], (c) Sarkar and Saha [76], and (d) Sarkar and Saha [53]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Characteristics fuel energy share at different engine operating states: ((a)–(b)) Barik and Murugan [78], (c) Verma et al. [74], and (d) Sarkar and Saha [53]

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Fig. 5

Characteristics of ID: ((a) and (b)) Bora and Saha [67], (c) Barik and Murugan [75], and (d) Sarkar and Saha[53]

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Fig. 6

In-cylinder pressure history: ((a)–(b)) Bora and Saha [67], (c) Barik and Murugan [75], and (d) Verma et al. [74]

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Fig. 7

In-cylinder pressure history: ((a)–(c)) Sarkar and Saha [53]

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Fig. 8

Characteristics of NHRR: ((a)–(c)) Bora and Saha [67], (d) Barik and Murugan [75], (e) Barik and Murugan [78], and (f) Verma et al. [74]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Characteristics of NHRR: (a) and (b) Sarkar and Saha [53]

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Fig. 10

Variation of CD and MFB: (a) Barik and Murugan [75] and (b) Barik and Murugan [78]

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Fig. 11

Characteristics of CMGT: ((a) and (b)) Sarkar and Saha [53]

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Fig. 12

Characteristics of CO emission: ((a) and (b)) Bora and Saha [67], (c) Barik and Murugan [73], and (d) Verma et al. [74]

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Fig. 13

Characteristics of CO emission: (a) Abd-Alla et al. [83], (b) Sarkar and Saha [76], and (c) Sarkar and Saha [53]

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Fig. 14

Variations of HC: ((a) and (b)) Bora and Saha [67], (c) Barik and Murugan [78], and (d) Verma et al. [74]

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Fig. 15

Variations of HC: (a) Abd-Alla et al. [83], (b) Sarkar and Saha [76], and (c) Sarkar and Saha [53]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Variations of emission of NOx: ((a) and (b)) Bora and Saha [67], (c) Barik and Murugan [78], and (d) Verma et al. [74]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Variations of emission of NOx: (a) Abd-Alla et al. [83], (b) Sarkar and Saha [76], and (c) Sarkar and Saha [53]

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Fig. 18

Characteristics of smoke opacity: (a) Barik and Murugan [75] and (b) Verma et al. [74]

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