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Research Papers

Application of the Perforated Plate in Passive Control of the Nonpremixed Swirl Combustion Instability Under Acoustic Excitation

[+] Author and Article Information
Sheng Meng, Kefa Cen

State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization,
Zhejiang University,
Zheda Road 38,
Hangzhou 310027, China

Hao Zhou

State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization,
Zhejiang University,
Zheda Road 38,
Hangzhou 310027, China
e-mail: zhouhao@zju.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received January 22, 2019; final manuscript received May 17, 2019; published online June 5, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Mirko R. Bothien.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 141(9), 091007 (Jun 05, 2019) (12 pages) Paper No: GTP-19-1028; doi: 10.1115/1.4043848 History: Received January 22, 2019; Revised May 17, 2019

Perforated plates are widely used to attenuate noise emission and as acoustic liners in combustion chambers. In this study, the damping performance of the perforated plate located in the combustor inlet section is experimentally and numerically studied. The primary response of nonpremixed swirl flame under 30–400 Hz acoustic excitation with a 445 mm inlet length occurs at 134 Hz and 210 Hz modes. The perforated plate designed for 210 Hz sound absorption with a 328 mm cavity length and an 8.04% porosity is compared to plates with various cavity lengths and different orifice patterns. The acoustic absorption capability of perforated plates is evaluated by the Luong model and tested in an impedance tube. The acoustic measurements show that the sound absorption performance of each plate is strongly affected by the bias flow velocity and cavity length. The combustion results indicate that the installation of perforated plates at the inlet section has two effects: sound attenuation and redistribution of the pressure mode of the combustor. The acoustic mode analysis further demonstrated that, for damping the nonpremixed flame when the combustion instability is caused by the inlet pressure fluctuation, modification of the inlet acoustic mode shape is more efficient than the sound attenuation.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic of the impedance tube system with a perforated plate

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Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of nonpremixed swirl combustor and (b) the detailed configuration of the burner inlet section with a perforated plate installed

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Fig. 3

(a) Picture of the combustor inlet section, (b) picture of the impedance tube, and (c) picture of the four perforated plate configurations. The dashed circle represents the inner diameter of the impedance tube.

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Fig. 4

Evolution of the (a) modulus and (b) phase of the reflection coefficient for the perforated plate N1 when L1 =328 mm

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Fig. 5

Evolution of the (a) modulus and (b) phase of the reflection coefficient for the perforated plate N2 when L1 =328 mm

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Fig. 6

Evolution of the (a) modulus and (b) phase of the reflection coefficient for the perforated plate N3 when L1 =328 mm

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Fig. 7

Evolution of the (a) modulus and (b) phase of the reflection coefficient for the perforated plate N4 when L1 =328 mm

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Fig. 8

Evolution of the modulus of the reflection coefficient for the perforated plates (a) N1, (b) N2, (c) N3, and (d) N4 with 228 mm and 128 mm cavity lengths. The airflow rate for all cases is fixed at 760 L/min.

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Fig. 9

(a) Flame heat release response under a 30–400 Hz acoustic forcing [38]. (b) Acoustic modes of 134 Hz and 210 Hz. The pressure is normalized by its maximum value. (c) Picture of mesh.

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Fig. 10

Flame heat release response under acoustic forcing at approximately (a) 134 Hz and (b) 210 Hz. The perforated plate is installed at L1=328 mm.

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Fig. 11

Flame heat release response under acoustic forcing at approximately (a) 134 Hz and (b) 210 Hz. The perforated plate is installed at L1=228 mm.

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Fig. 12

Flame heat release response under acoustic forcing at approximately (a) 134 Hz and (b) 210 Hz. The perforated plate is installed at L1=128 mm.

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Fig. 13

Pressure shape along the z-direction of the combustor for the 134 Hz and 210 Hz acoustic modes with various cavity lengths: (a) plate N1, (b) plate N2, (c) plate N4, and (d) no plate

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Fig. 14

Acoustic mode under different perforated plates: (a) plate N4 with L1=328 mm at the 134 Hz mode, (b) plate N2 with L1=328 mm at the 134 Hz mode, (c) plate N2 with L1=128 mm at the 210 Hz mode, and (d) plate N1 with L1=128 mm at the 210 Hz mode

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Fig. 15

Averaged images of flame without acoustic excitation with the perforated plate at L1 = 328 mm: (a) plate N1, (b) plate N2, (c) plate N3, (d) plate N4, (e) no plate

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