0
Research Papers

Analysis of Intake Silencer Insertion Loss in a Marine Diesel Engine Turbocharger Based on Computational Fluid Dynamics and Acoustic Finite Element Method

[+] Author and Article Information
Chen Liu

College of Power and Energy Engineering,
Harbin Engineering University,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: liuchen_hrbeu@hrbeu.edu.cn

Yipeng Cao

College of Power and Energy Engineering,
Harbin Engineering University,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: yipengcao@hrbeu.edu.cn

Yang Liu

Chongqing Jiangjin Shipbuilding Industry Co. Ltd.,
Chongqing 402263, China
e-mail: liuyang08034203@163.com

Wenping Zhang

College of Power and Energy Engineering,
Harbin Engineering University,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: zhangwenping@hrbeu.edu.cn

Xinyu Zhang

College of Power and Energy Engineering,
Harbin Engineering University,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: zhangxinyu@hrbeu.edu.cn

Pingjian Ming

College of Power and Energy Engineering,
Harbin Engineering University,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: pingjianming@hrbeu.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received October 31, 2018; final manuscript received June 4, 2019; published online June 25, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Philip Bonello.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 141(9), 091012 (Jun 25, 2019) (10 pages) Paper No: GTP-18-1669; doi: 10.1115/1.4043966 History: Received October 31, 2018; Revised June 04, 2019

The analysis of intake silencer insertion loss (IL) was conducted using a hybrid numerical method, which combined computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and acoustic finite element method (FEM). First, an experimental test was conducted to obtain the compressor intake noise spectrum under two different conditions: the turbocharger directly connected to the substitution duct and to the intake silencer, respectively. Then, the hybrid numerical method was introduced to predict the intake noise propagation. The compressor unsteady flow was calculated under the two different conditions, the pressure fluctuation on the impeller inlet plane was then extracted as noise source. The noise propagation under two different conditions were obtained. The comparison of numerical and experimental results indicates that the hybrid method used in this paper can predict the IL in different conditions as the IL under three different compressor working conditions was consistent with the experimental values. Furthermore, the noise spectral characteristics and acoustic directivity of compressor intake noise were also discussed.

Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Liu, G. P. , and Pan, H. X. , 2006, “ Measurement and Analysis of Noise Characteristics for Diesel Engine,” IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics (ICMECH), Budapest, Hungary, July 3–5, pp. 1390–1394.
Abom, M. , and Kabral, R. , 2014, “ Turbocharger Noise—Generation and Control,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2014-36-0802.
Raitor, T. , and Neise, W. , 2008, “ Sound Generation in Centrifugal Compressors,” J. Sound Vib., 314(3–5), pp. 738–756.
Figurella, N. , Dehner, R. , Selamet, A. , Tallio, K. , Miazgowicz, K. , and Wade, R. , 2014, “ Noise at the Mid to High Flow Range of a Turbocharger Compressor,” Noise Control Eng. J., 62(5), pp. 306–312.
Sun, H. , and Lee, S. , 2004, “ Numerical Prediction of Centrifugal Compressor Noise,” J. Sound Vib., 269(1–2), pp. 421–430.
Sun, H. , Shin, H. , and Lee, S. , 2006, “ Analysis and Optimization of Aerodynamic Noise in a Centrifugal Compressor,” J. Sound Vib., 289(4–5), pp. 999–1018.
Trochon, P. E. , 2001, “ A New Type of Silencers for Turbocharger Noise Control,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2001-01-1436.
Lee, I. , Selamet, A. , Kim, H. , Kim, T. , and Kim, J. , 2009, “ Design of a Multi-Chamber Silencer for Turbocharger Noise,” SAE Int. J. Passenger Cars—Mech. Syst., 2(1), pp. 1339–1344.
Kabral, R. , Du, L. , Abom, M. , and Knutsson, M. , 2014, “ A Compact Silencer for the Control of Compressor Noise,” SAE Int. J. Engines, 7(3), pp. 1572–1578.
Tian, S. , Sheng, X. , Yang, D. , Huang, S. , and Cao, X. , 2014, “ Design of a Reactive Silencer to Reduce Turbocharger Synchronous Noise Generated From Compressor Pressure Pulsations,” 21st International Congress on Sound and Vibration, Beijing, China, July 13–17, Paper No. 595. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/290202908_Design_of_a_reactive_silencer_to_reduce_turbocharger_synchronous_noise_generated_from_compressor_pressure_pulsations/citation/download
Peter, D. C. , and Phillip, B. G. , 1994, “ Turbocharger Having Reduced Noise Emission,” U.S. Pattern No. US005295785A.
Kerr, J. D. , 2003, “ Air Intake Silencer,” U.S. Pattern No. US20030150671A1.
Feld, H. , Mrvely, L. , and Meyer, P. , 2014, “Sound Attenuator of an Exhaust-Gas Turbocharger,” U.S. Pattern No. US9228549B2.
Dobrin, V. , Marvi, A. A. , Huddleston, D. D. , and Bozzi, L. A. , 2013, “Intake System Having a Silencer Device,” U.S. Pattern No. US009175648B2.
Karim, A. , Lizotte, W. B. , Miazgowicz, D. K. , and Zouani, A. , 2016, “ Turbocharger Compressor Noise Reduction System and Method,” U.S. Pattern No. US9303561B2.
Young, C. I. J. , and Crocker, M. J. , 1975, “ Prediction of Transmission Loss in Mufflers by the Finite Element Method,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 57(1), pp. 144–148.
Seybert, A. F. , and Cheng, C. Y. R. , 1987, “ Application of the Boundary Element Method to Acoustic Cavity Response and Muffler Analysis,” ASME J. Vib. Acoust., 109(1), pp. 15–21.
Bilawchuk, S. , and Fyfe, K. R. , 2003, “ Comparison and Implementation of the Various Numerical Methods Used for Calculating Transmission Loss in Silencer Systems,” Appl. Acoust., 64(9), pp. 903–916.
Ji, Z. L. , and Selamet, A. , 2000, “ Boundary Element Analysis of Three-Pass Perforated Duct Mufflers,” Noise Control Eng. J., 48(5), pp. 151–156.
Selamet, A. , and Ji, Z. L. , 2000, “ Case Study: Acoustic Attenuation Performance of Circular Expansion Chambers With Extended End-Inlet and Side-Outlet,” Noise Control Eng. J., 48(2), pp. 60–66.
LMS International, 2012, Numerical Acoustics: Theoretical Manual, LMS International, Leuven, Belgium.
Selamet, A. , Kothamasu, V. , and Novak, J. M. , 2001, “ Insertion Loss of a Helmholtz Resonator in the Intake System of Internal Combustion Engines: An Experimental and Computational Investigation,” Appl. Acoust., 62(4), pp. 381–409.
Munjal, M. L. , 2014, Acoustics of Ducts and Mufflers, Wiley, New York.
Kirby, R. , 2001, “ Simplified Techniques for Predicting the Transmission Loss of a Circular Dissipative Silencer,” J. Sound Vib., 243(3), pp. 403–426.
Liu, C. , and Ji, Z. L. , 2013, “ Computational Fluid Dynamics—Based Numerical Analysis of Acoustic Attenuation and Flow Resistance Characteristics of Perforated Tube Silencers,” ASME J. Vib. Acoust., 136(2), p. 021006.
Fan, W. , and Guo, L. , 2016, “ An Investigation of Acoustics Attenuation Performance of Silencers With Mean Flow Based on Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation,” Shock Vib., 2016(2), pp. 1–12.
Qi, D. , Mao, Y. , Liu, X. , and Yuan, M. , 2009, “ Experimental Study on the Noise Reduction of an Industrial Forward-Curved Blades Centrifugal Fan,” Appl. Acoust., 70(8), pp. 1041–1050.
Ohuchida, S. , and Tanaka, K. , 2013, “ Radiated BPF Sound Measurement of Centrifugal Compressor,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 52(2), pp. 98–104.
Torregrosa, A. J. , Broatch, A. , Navarro, R. , and García-Tíscar, J. , 2015, “ Acoustics Characterization of Automotive Turbo-Compressors,” Int. J. Engine Res., 16(1), pp. 31–37.
ISO, 2013, “ Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines—Measurement Method for Exhaust Silencers—Sound Power Level of Exhaust Noise and Insertion Loss Using Sound Pressure and Power Loss Ratio,” International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, Standard No. ISO 15619. https://www.iso.org/standard/55443.html
JB/T, 2015, “ Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines—Measuring Method for Noise of Air Cleaners,” Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic China, Beijing, China, Standard No. JB/T 12332 (in Chinese).
Broatch, A. , Galindo, J. , Navarro, R. , and García-Tíscar, J. , 2014, “ Methodology for Experimental Validation of a CFD Model for Predicting Noise Generation in Centrifugal Compressors,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 50, pp. 134–144.
Broatch, A. , Galindo, J. , Navarro, R. , and García-Tíscar, J. , 2016, “ Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Automotive Turbocharger Compressor Aeroacoustics at Different Operating Conditions,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 61, pp. 245–255.
Serrano, J. , Olmeda, P. , Arnau, F. , Reyes-Belmonte, M. , and Lefebvre, A. , 2013, “ Importance of Heat Transfer Phenomena in Small Turbocharger for Passenger Car Applications,” SAE Int. J. Engines, 6(2), pp. 716–728.
Margurg, S. , and Nolte, B. , 2008, Computational Acoustics of Noise Propagation in Fluid—Finite and Boundary Element Methods, Springer, Berlin.
Bose, T. , 2013, Aerodynamic Noise: An Introduction for Physicists and Engineers, Springer, Berlin.
Howe, W. , 2015, Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Liu, C. , Cao, Y. , Zhang, W. , Ming, P. , and Liu, Y. , 2019, “ Numerical and Experimental Investigations of Centrifugal Compressor BPF Noise,” Appl. Acoust., 150, pp. 290–301.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Cutaway view of intake silencer and turbocharger compressor

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Arrangement of measurement points for intake silencer performance: (a) substitution duct, (b) intake silencer, and (c) measurement surface (A direction view)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Computation flow diagram

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Structure and numerical model of intake silencer

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Numerical model for CFD calculation, including fluid domain of impeller, diffuser, and volute

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Numerical model for noise propagation prediction: (a) substitution duct and (b) intake silencer

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Total SPL and IL at measurement points of case 1

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Total SPL and IL at measurement points of case 2

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Total SPL and IL at measurement points of case 3

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Noise spectrum at monitoring points, design condition, and with substitution duct: (a) experimental measurement and (b) numerical simulation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Noise spectrum at measurement points, design condition, and with intake silencer: (a) experimental measurement and (b) numerical simulation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

SPL distribution with substitution duct: (a) BPF, (b) first harmonic, and (c) second harmonic

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Acoustic directivity of intake noise with substitution duct: (a) sound pressure and (b) SPL

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

SPL distribution with intake silencer: (a) BPF, (b) first harmonic, and (c) second harmonic

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Acoustic directivity of intake noise with intake silencer: (a) sound pressure and (b) SPL

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In