Research Papers

Analysis of Intake Silencer Insertion Loss in a Marine Diesel Engine Turbocharger Based on Computational Fluid Dynamics and Acoustic Finite Element Method

[+] Author and Article Information
Chen Liu

College of Power and Energy Engineering,
Harbin Engineering University,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: liuchen_hrbeu@hrbeu.edu.cn

Yipeng Cao

College of Power and Energy Engineering,
Harbin Engineering University,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: yipengcao@hrbeu.edu.cn

Yang Liu

Chongqing Jiangjin Shipbuilding Industry Co. Ltd.,
Chongqing 402263, China
e-mail: liuyang08034203@163.com

Wenping Zhang

College of Power and Energy Engineering,
Harbin Engineering University,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: zhangwenping@hrbeu.edu.cn

Xinyu Zhang

College of Power and Energy Engineering,
Harbin Engineering University,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: zhangxinyu@hrbeu.edu.cn

Pingjian Ming

College of Power and Energy Engineering,
Harbin Engineering University,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: pingjianming@hrbeu.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received October 31, 2018; final manuscript received June 4, 2019; published online June 25, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Philip Bonello.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 141(9), 091012 (Jun 25, 2019) (10 pages) Paper No: GTP-18-1669; doi: 10.1115/1.4043966 History: Received October 31, 2018; Revised June 04, 2019

The analysis of intake silencer insertion loss (IL) was conducted using a hybrid numerical method, which combined computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and acoustic finite element method (FEM). First, an experimental test was conducted to obtain the compressor intake noise spectrum under two different conditions: the turbocharger directly connected to the substitution duct and to the intake silencer, respectively. Then, the hybrid numerical method was introduced to predict the intake noise propagation. The compressor unsteady flow was calculated under the two different conditions, the pressure fluctuation on the impeller inlet plane was then extracted as noise source. The noise propagation under two different conditions were obtained. The comparison of numerical and experimental results indicates that the hybrid method used in this paper can predict the IL in different conditions as the IL under three different compressor working conditions was consistent with the experimental values. Furthermore, the noise spectral characteristics and acoustic directivity of compressor intake noise were also discussed.

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Fig. 1

Cutaway view of intake silencer and turbocharger compressor

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Fig. 3

Arrangement of measurement points for intake silencer performance: (a) substitution duct, (b) intake silencer, and (c) measurement surface (A direction view)

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Fig. 4

Computation flow diagram

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Fig. 5

Structure and numerical model of intake silencer

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Fig. 6

Numerical model for CFD calculation, including fluid domain of impeller, diffuser, and volute

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Fig. 7

Numerical model for noise propagation prediction: (a) substitution duct and (b) intake silencer

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Fig. 8

Total SPL and IL at measurement points of case 1

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Fig. 9

Total SPL and IL at measurement points of case 2

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Fig. 10

Total SPL and IL at measurement points of case 3

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Fig. 11

Noise spectrum at monitoring points, design condition, and with substitution duct: (a) experimental measurement and (b) numerical simulation

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Fig. 12

Noise spectrum at measurement points, design condition, and with intake silencer: (a) experimental measurement and (b) numerical simulation

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Fig. 13

SPL distribution with substitution duct: (a) BPF, (b) first harmonic, and (c) second harmonic

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Fig. 14

Acoustic directivity of intake noise with substitution duct: (a) sound pressure and (b) SPL

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Fig. 15

SPL distribution with intake silencer: (a) BPF, (b) first harmonic, and (c) second harmonic

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Fig. 16

Acoustic directivity of intake noise with intake silencer: (a) sound pressure and (b) SPL



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