Modeling the unsteady flow of a fan subject to an inlet distortion is computationally expensive due to the need to model the full-annulus. Using the Fourier Transformation (FT) method in ANSYS CFX, which recognizes phase-shifted periodic boundary conditions, the fan inlet distortion simulation can be achieved efficiently by solving just two passages. The FT method can handle very large inlet distortion to blade passage pitch ratios such as the case of the problem simulated in this work. The analysis considers transonic flow through a fan with high bypass ratio subjected to an inlet total pressure distortion. The inlet disturbance traverses the inlet once per revolution and is intended to simulate the inlet flow distortion seen by an aircraft engine fan during take-off conditions. The pressure ratio across the fan is chosen so that the fan moves from a started to un-started condition as the disturbance moves past the inlet. This condition will provide a rigorous test of the FT method. The FT method is validated by comparing to the equivalent full-annulus unsteady solution. The FT unsteady solution compares remarkably well with the reference solution and is able to reproduce the detailed dynamics of the shock movement. Moreover, the solution from the FT method is also able to reproduce the efficiency, viscous effects and blade loading from the full-annulus case. The FT solution is obtained with a 5X reduction in CPU time and a 10X reduction in memory requirement.
Efficient Computation of Large Pitch Ratio Transonic Flow in a Fan With Inlet Distortion
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Sharma, G, Zori, L, Connell, S, & Godin, P. "Efficient Computation of Large Pitch Ratio Transonic Flow in a Fan With Inlet Distortion." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 6C: Turbomachinery. San Antonio, Texas, USA. June 3–7, 2013. V06CT42A025. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2013-95059
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