An Investigation of the Flow Characteristics and of Losses in Radial Nozzle Cascades

[+] Author and Article Information
S. G. R. Hashemi

Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pa.

R. J. Lemak

Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.

J. A. Owczarek

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pa.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 106(2), 502-509 (Apr 01, 1984) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3239597 History: Received December 27, 1982; Online October 15, 2009


A study was made of the flow in radial nozzle cascades using an air test rig and a water test rig. In the air test rig, three cobra probes were used in circumferential and spanwise traverses to determine the total pressure variations in the flow field at three radii downstream of the nozzles at which static pressure was also measured. The tests were made on two sets of nozzle blades having heights of 0.148 in. (0.376 cm) and 0.200 in. (0.508 cm), at trailing edge angles (measured from circumferential direction) of 15, 20, and 25 deg, and at two flow Mach numbers of approximately 0.2 and 0.35. The test results presented in this paper, in the form of loss coefficients and flow angles, were flow-weighted and averaged. Flow visualization in the air test rig was made on the walls bounding the nozzle blades using the graphite power-oil mixture technique. Additional tests were made on the water test rig using dye injection technique. Photographs were obtained showing clearly formation of secondary flow around each nozzle blade in the form of the leading edge vortex. The test results confirm the existence of the leading edge vortices reported peviously, and extend their study to the radial nozzle cascades.

Copyright © 1984 by ASME
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