Secondary Flows and Losses Downstream of a Turbine Cascade

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Moore, R. Y. Adhye

Mechanical Engineering Dept., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 107(4), 961-968 (Oct 01, 1985) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3239842 History: Received December 21, 1984; Online October 15, 2009


The loss mechanisms and the behavior of secondary flows downstream of a large scale, linear turbine cascade have been investigated experimentally. A five-blade replica of the cascade used by Langston et al. at United Technologies Research Center was used for the present tests. Detailed flow measurements, using five-hole and three-hole probes, were made at four different planes, one just upstream of the trailing edge and the rest downstream. The secondary flow field at each measurement plane was found to be dominated by a single large passage vortex, which decayed in strength because of the mixing occurring in the flow. More than one-third of the losses were found to occur downstream of the trailing edge. This rise in total pressure loss in the present tests was almost entirely explained by a corresponding dissipation of the secondary kinetic energy of the flow. A mixing analysis of the flow was done to predict the additional losses due to “mixing” until the flow became completely uniform.

Copyright © 1985 by ASME
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