A Distinction Between Different Types of Stall in a Centrifugal Compressor Stage

[+] Author and Article Information
N. Kämmer, M. Rautenberg

Institute for Turbomachinery and Gas Dynamics, Universität Hannover, Hannover, West Germany

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 108(1), 83-92 (Jan 01, 1986) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3239890 History: Received January 16, 1985; Online October 15, 2009


The flow at the stall line of a centrifugal compressor with vaneless diffuser was investigated at different speeds. A distinction between three kinds of stall phenomena could be made. One type of stall with regurgitation of fluid at the impeller inlet was of a nonperiodic character, whereas two different types of periodic stall appeared at higher speeds. The rotating nature of these two types of stall was verified from a comparison of signals of peripherally spaced pressure transducers. The low-frequency rotating stall exhibited features of diffuser generated stall and a lobe number of three was measured. From a detailed investigation of the high-frequency rotating stall, which included unsteady probe measurements upstream and downstream of the impeller, it can be shown that this type of rotating stall is generated in the impeller by a periodic breakdown of energy transfer from the rotor to the flow. This conclusion is supported by the distribution of shroud static pressures.

Copyright © 1986 by ASME
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