A Comprehensive Model for Pilot-Ignited, Coal-Water Mixture Combustion in a Direct-Injection Diesel Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Wahiduzzaman, P. N. Blumberg, R. Keribar, C. I. Rackmil

Ricardo-ITI, Inc., Westmont, IL 60559

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 112(3), 384-390 (Jul 01, 1990) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906506 History: Received August 20, 1989; Online April 24, 2008


A combustion model has been developed for a direct-injected diesel engine fueled with coal-water slurry mixture (CWM) and assisted by diesel pilot injection. The model combines the unique heat and mass transport and chemical kinetic processes of CWM combustion with the normal in-cylinder processes of a diesel engine. It includes a two-stage evaporation submodel for the drying of the CWM droplet, a global kinetic submodel for devolatilization, and a char combustion submodel describing surface gasification by oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water vapor. The combustion volume is discretized into multiple zones, each of whose individual thermochemistry is determined by in-situ equilibrium calculations. This provides an accurate determination of the boundary conditions for the CWM droplet combustion submodels and the gas phase heat release. A CWM fuel jet development, entrainment, and mixing submodel is used to calculate the mass of unburned air in each of the burned zones. A separate submodel of diesel pilot fuel combustion is incorporated into the overall model, as it has been found that pilot fuel is required to achieve satisfactory combustion under many operating conditions. The combustion model is integrated with an advanced engine design analysis code. The integrated model can be used as a tool for exploration of the effects of fuel characteristics, fuel injection parameters, and engine design variables on engine performance, and in the assessment of the effects of component design modifications on the overall efficiency of the engine and the degree of coal burnout achieved.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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