Performance Curves for Single-Stage Vapor Compression Cycles With Solution Circuit

[+] Author and Article Information
K. Amrane, M. V. Rane, R. Radermacher

The University of Maryland, Department of Mechanical Engineering, College Park, MD 20742

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 113(2), 221-227 (Apr 01, 1991) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906548 History: Received April 19, 1990; Revised September 17, 1990; Online April 24, 2008


The performance curves for a single-stage vapor compression heat pump with solution circuit (VCHSC) and for its modified version, the cycle using a subcooler and a preheater, are obtained and are compared for the same total UA value including all heat exchangers. The two cycles are simulated at low and high temperature lifts. The weak solution concentration and flow rate are varied. The parameters studied are the cooling COP, the solution heat exchanger (SHX) effectiveness, the pressure ratio, the solution temperature glides in the absorber and the desorber, the desorber load, and the distribution of the UA value. Changing the weak solution concentration from 20 to 90 wt% ammonia increased the desorber load ten times. The cooling COP improved by as much as 20 percent by incorporating the preheater and the subcooler, for both the low and the high temperature lifts. Compared to the conventional ammonia vapor compression cycle, the modified VCHSC showed a maximum improvement in cooling COP of 88 and 35 percent for the low and high temperature lifts, respectively. The results indicate that VCHSC is a very versatile heat pump and/or refrigeration system suitable for a wide range of applications and changing operating conditions.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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