Dynamic Simulation of Compressor Station Operation Including Centrifugal Compressor and Gas Turbine

[+] Author and Article Information
K. K. Botros

NOVA HUSKY Research Corporation, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

P. J. Campbell, D. B. Mah

NOVA Corporation of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 113(2), 300-311 (Apr 01, 1991) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906563 History: Received January 23, 1990; Online April 24, 2008


Dynamic simulation of the operation of a compressor station requires mathematical modeling of the dynamic behavior of the compressor unit and various piping elements. Such models consist of large systems of nonlinear partial differential equations describing the pipe flow together with nonlinear algebraic equations describing the quasi-steady flow through various valves, constrictions, and compressors. In addition, the models also include mathematical descriptions of the control system, which consists of m ixed a lgebraic and ordinary d ifferential (mad) equations with some inequalities representing controllers’ limits. In this paper a numerical technique for the solution of the gas dynamics equations is described, based on the transfer matrix formulation relating the state vector time difference at one side of an element to that on the other side. This approach facilitates incorporation of all element transfer matrices into an overall transfer matrix according to the system geometric connectivity. The paper also presents simulation results and comparison with actual field measurements of three case histories: (1) simulation of a compressor surge protection control process; (2) unit startup; and (3) slow transient of a compressor station responding to changes in the discharge pressure set point. Good agreement between simulation results and field measurements is demonstrated.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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