Self-Tuning Control of a Coal-Fired Fluidized Bed Combustor

[+] Author and Article Information
K. W. Junk, R. R. Fullmer, R. C. Brown

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50010

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 114(1), 139-144 (Jan 01, 1992) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906296 History: Received February 15, 1990; Online April 24, 2008


This paper investigates the temperature control of a two-bed fluidized combustor using a self-tuning control algorithm to vary secondary air flow rate. The controller consists of a recursive least-squares parameter estimator, an observer, and a linear optimal control design procedure. This combination enables the controller to estimate the system parameters and update the feedback gains when necessary. Further, this study addresses the tracking form of optimal control, accomplished by augmenting the state vector with an integrator. The self-tuning control algorithm was compared with a simple PI controller, which was tuned using the Ziegler-Nichols method. In this study, self-tuning control provided improved performance over classical control. Compared with conventional, constant-gain control, self-tuning control reduced steady-state variance by a factor of 6.67 while maintaining good tracking characteristics.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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