Engine Knock Rating of Natural Gases—Methane Number

[+] Author and Article Information
T. W. Ryan, T. J. Callahan, S. R. King

Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Road, San Antonio, TX 78228-0510

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 115(4), 769-776 (Oct 01, 1993) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906773 History: Received August 01, 1992; Online April 24, 2008


A procedure has been developed and documented for determining the methane number of gaseous fuels. The methane number provides an indication of the knock tendency of the fuel. An experimental test matrix was designed for quantifying the effects of ethane, propane, butane, and CO2 . A unique gas mixing and control system was developed to supply test gases to the engine and to control the equivalence ratio and engine operation. The results of the experiments agreed well with the limited data published in the literature. Predictive equations were developed for the methane number (MN) of gaseous fuels using the gas composition. The forms of these equations are suitable for incorporation in a computer program or a spreadsheet.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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