A High-Speed Capacitance-Based System for Gaging Turbomachinery Blading Radius During the Tip Grind Process

[+] Author and Article Information
A. G. Sheard, G. C. Westerman, B. Killeen

Rotadata Ltd., Bateman Street, Derby, United Kingdom

M. Fitzpatrick

Dean Smith & Grace Ltd., Keighley, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 116(1), 243-249 (Jan 01, 1994) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2906800 History: Received January 13, 1992; Online April 24, 2008


During the manufacture and overhaul of gas turbines, it is necessary to ensure that all blades in a stage are of an equal and known length to minimize the loss in performance that arises as a consequence of the clearance between rotor tip and engine casing. Modern compressor and turbine blades are generally loose fitting in their root fixings and only adopt their true working position when running. In this paper, a new technique for measuring the rotor radius over individual blades is described. The measurement technique utilizes a capacitance-based clearance measurement system, which enables rotor radius to be measured over each blade while spinning fast enough to ensure that the blades are centrifugally loaded into their true working position. The measurement technique is described, as is the system utilized to calibrate and reduce output into engineering units. The mechanical design of the “measurement head” is presented and the CNC lathe to which it interfaces described. Finally, the results of an experimental program, utilizing a fully bladed compressor disk undertaken to ascertain system performance, are presented.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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