RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

Numerical Investigation of Enhanced Dilution Zone Mixing in a Reverse Flow Gas Turbine Combustor

[+] Author and Article Information
D. S. Crocker, C. E. Smith

CFD Research Corporation, Huntsville, AL 35805

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 117(2), 272-281 (Apr 01, 1995) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2814091 History: Received March 01, 1993; Online November 19, 2007


An advanced method for dilution zone mixing in a reverse flow gas turbine combustor was numerically investigated. For long mixing lengths associated with reverse flow combustors (X/H > 2.0), pattern factor was found to be mainly driven by nozzle-to-nozzle fuel flow and/or circumferential airflow variations; conventional radially injected dilution jets could not effectively mix out circumferential nonuniformities. To enhance circumferential mixing, dilution jets were angled to produce a high circumferential (swirl) velocity component. The jets on the outer liner were angled in one direction while the jets on the inner liner were angled in the opposite direction, thus enhancing turbulent shear at the expense of jet penetration. Three-dimensional CFD calculations were performed on a three-nozzle (90 deg) sector, with different fuel flow from each nozzle (90, 100, and 110 percent of design fuel flow). The computations showed that the optimum configuration of angled jets reduced the pattern factor by 60 percent compared to an existing conventional dilution hole configuration. The radial average temperature profile was adequately controlled by the inner-to-outer liner dilution flow split.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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