RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Structures and Dynamics

Modeling and Control of HSFDs for Active Control of Rotor-Bearing Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
A. El-Shafei, J. P. Hathout

Department of Mechanical Design and Production, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 117(4), 757-766 (Oct 01, 1995) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2815462 History: Received February 04, 1994; Online November 19, 2007


This paper summarizes the development of hybrid squeeze film dampers (HSFDs) for active control of rotor vibrations. Previously, it was shown both theoretically and experimentally that HSFDs can be used for controlling rotor vibrations (El-Shafei, 1993). This is done by controlling the flow in a squeeze film damper through movable end seals, thus achieving the ability to change the damper from a short damper to a long damper and vice versa. However, the control of the HSFD was manual. In this paper, an automatically controlled circuit is developed for the HSFD, incorporating a pressure control servovalve for controlling the pressure in the sealing chambers. A complete mathematical model of this open-loop system is developed and is implemented on a digital computer. The transient behavior of the system, including the sealing ring dynamics, illustrates that the open-loop system exhibits well-behaved, stable, and fast response. In addition it is shown that the HSFD can achieve any amount of damping between the short and long damper modes through the accurate positioning of the sealing rings. The simulation results illustrate that the automatically controlled HSFD can be a very useful device for the active control of rotors. A closed-loop control strategy with feedback on rotor speed is also investigated both from the points of view of steady state and transient behaviors. It is shown that this closed-loop strategy results in a much improved behavior of the rotor system.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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