RESEARCH PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy

Reaction Diffusion Behaviors for Interface Between Ni-Based Super Alloys and Vacuum Plasma Sprayed MCrAlY Coatings

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Itoh, M. Tamura

Power and Industrial Systems R&D Center, Toshiba Corporation, 2-1 Ukishima-cho, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 210-0862

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 121(3), 476-483 (Jul 01, 1999) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2818497 History: Received December 01, 1998; Revised March 03, 1999; Online December 03, 2007


The object of this study is overlay coatings of MCrAlY alloy sprayed by a vacuum plasma spray (VPS) process for the protection against high-temperature corrosion and oxidation in the field of gas turbine components. Reaction diffusion behaviors at the interface between the MCrAlY coatings and the substrate, which have an important effect on coating degradation, have not always been clarified. Three kinds of substrate, equiaxis IN738LC, directional solidified CM247LC and single-crystal CMSX-2, and the four kinds of vacuum plasma sprayed MCrAlY coating have been selected for these experiments. The experimental results showed that the reaction diffusion layers consisted of aluminum compound layer and aluminum depleted layer, excepting that the aluminum depleted layer could not be observed in the case of CoNiCrAlY and NiCoCrAlY coatings. It also indicated that the diffusion thickness could be observed to follow a parabolic time dependence. The order of reaction diffusion rate was NiCrAlY > CoCrAlY > CoNiCrAlY > NiCoCrAlY independent of the substrates. A convenient computer-aided system was developed for analyzing the reaction diffusion behaviors at the interface between coating and substrate. It was also clear that the estimated results of long time diffusion behaviors by simulation analysis was in good agreement with experiments.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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