TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines

A Nonlinear, Transient, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine Simulation for Predictions of Instantaneous Engine Speed and Torque

[+] Author and Article Information
Z. S. Filipi, D. N. Assanis

W. E. Lay Automotive Laboratory Automotive Research Center, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2121

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 123(4), 951-959 (Oct 01, 2000) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1365122 History: Received January 01, 1997; Revised October 01, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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Diesel engine cylinder as a thermodynamic control volume
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Block diagram for the single-cylinder engine dynamic system
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Equivalent system for engine-external load dynamics
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Forces on the slider-crank mechanism
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Calculated fluctuations of torque on the crank shaft of the single-cylinder engine during a “steady-state” cycle
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Calculated fluctuations of the instantaneous crank-shaft angular velocity in the single-cylinder engine during a “steady-state” cycle
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Comparison of predicted and measured instantaneous single-cylinder engine speed during free acceleration with 100 percent fueling rate and no external load
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Predicted effect of engine speed on (a) cylinder pressure, temperature, and rate of heat release; (b) turbulence intensity and rate of heat transfer in the single-cylinder diesel engine
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Predicted effect of the inlet manifold pressure on (a) flow rate through the inlet valve; (b) cylinder pressure and rate of heat release in the single-cylinder diesel engine
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Predicted crank-shaft speed fluctuations during starting for three values of engine polar moment of inertia
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Simulated engine response during an elementary transient initiated by the step change of the fueling rate
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A suite of the single-cylinder torque fluctuation lines calculated for individual cycles occurring during the transient shown in Fig. 11



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