TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Cycle Innovations

Preliminary Study of a Novel R718 Compression Refrigeration Cycle Using a Three-Port Condensing Wave Rotor

[+] Author and Article Information
Amir A. Kharazi, Pezhman Akbari, Norbert Müller

Department of Mechanical Engineering Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1226

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 127(3), 539-544 (Jun 24, 2005) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1850503 History: Received October 01, 2003; Revised March 01, 2004; Online June 24, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Weber, H. E., 1995, Shock Wave Engine Design, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Weber, H. E., 1986, “Shock-Expansion Wave Engines: New Directions for Power Production,” ASME Paper 86-GT-62.
Akbari, P., Kharazi, A. A., and Müller, N., 2003, “Utilizing Wave Rotor Technology to Enhance the Turbocompression in Power and Refrigeration Cycles,” 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Conference, ASME Paper IMECE2003-44222.
Taussig, R. T., and Hertzberg, A., 1984, “Wave Rotors for Turbomachinery,” Winter Annual Meeting of the ASME, edited by Sladky, J. F., Machinery for Direct Fluid-Fluid Energy Exchange, AD-07, pp. 1–7.
Shreeve, R. P., and Mathur, A., 1985, Proceeding ONR/NAVAIR Wave Rotor Research and Technology Workshop, Report NPS-67-85-008, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA.
Paxson,  D. E., 1995, “Comparison Between Numerically Modeled and Experimentally Measured Wave-Rotor Loss Mechanism,” J. Propul. Power, 11, pp. 908–914; see also NASA TM-106279.
Paxson,  D. E., 1996, “Numerical Simulation of Dynamic Wave Rotor Performance,” J. Propul. Power, 12, pp. 949–957.
Wilson,  J., and Paxson,  D. E., 1996, “Wave Rotor Optimization for Gas Turbine Topping Cycles,” J. Propul. Power, 12, No. 4, pp. 778–785; see also SAE Paper 951411, 1995, and NASA TM 106951.
Welch,  G. E., Jones,  S. M., and Paxson,  D. E., 1997, “Wave Rotor-Enhanced Gas Turbine Engines,” J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 119, No. 2, pp. 469–477.
Welch,  G. E., 1997, “Macroscopic Balance Model for Wave Rotors,” J. Propul. Power, 13, No. 4, pp. 508–516.
Welch,  G. E., 1997, “Two-Dimensional Computational Model for Wave Rotor Flow Dynamics,” J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 119, No. 4, pp. 978–985.
Wilson,  J., 1998, “An Experimental Determination of Loses in a Three-Port Wave Rotor,” J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 120, pp. 833–842.
Paxson,  D. E., and Nalim,  M. R., 1999, “Modified Through-Flow Wave-Rotor Cycle With Combustor Bypass Ducts,” J. Propul. Power, 15, No. 3, pp. 462–467.
Welch, G. E., 2000, “Overview of Wave-Rotor Technology for Gas Turbine Engine Topping Cycles,” Novel Aero Propulsion Systems International Symposium, The Institution of Mechanical Engineers, pp. 2–17.
Fatsis,  A., and Ribaud,  Y., 1999, “Thermodynamic Analysis of Gas Turbines Topped With Wave Rotors,” Aerospace Sci. Technol.,3, No. 5, pp. 293–299.
Jones, S. M., and Welch, G. E., 1996, “Performance Benefits for Wave Rotor-Topped Gas Turbine Engines,” ASME Paper 96-GT-075.
Akbari, P., and Müller, N., 2003, “Performance Improvement of Small Gas Turbines Through Use of Wave Rotor Topping Cycles,” 2003 International ASME/IGTI Turbo Exposition, ASME Paper GT2003-38772.
Doerfler, P. K., 1975, “Comprex Supercharging of Vehicle Diesel Engines,” SAE Paper 750335.
Doerfler, P. K., 1975, “Comprex Supercharging of Vehicle Diesel Engines,” SAE Paper 750335.
Eisele, E., Hiereth, H., and Polz, H., 1975, “Experience With Comprex Pressure Wave Supercharger on the High-Speed Passenger Car Diesel Engine,” SAE Paper 750334.
Kollbrunner, T. A., 1980, “Comprex® Supercharging for Passenger Diesel Car Engines,” SAE Paper 800884.
Gyarmathy, G., 1983, “How Does the Comprex® Pressure-Wave Supercharger Work,” SAE Paper 830234.
Schneider,  G., 1986, “Comprex® Pressure Wave Supercharger in An Opel Senator With 2.3 Liter Diesel Engine,” Brown Boveri Rev., 73, No. 10, pp. 563–565.
Zehnder, G., Mayer, A., and Mathews, L., 1989, “The Free Running Comprex®,” SAE Paper 890452.
Mayer, A., Oda, J., Kato, K., Haase, W., and Fried, R., 1989, “Extruded Ceramic—A New Technology for the Comprex® Rotor,” SAE Paper 890453.
Amstutz, A., Pauli, E., and Mayer, A., 1990, “System Optimization With Comprex Supercharging and EGR Control of Diesel Engines,” SAE Paper 905097.
Kentfield, J. A. C., 1998, “Wave Rotors and Highlights of Their Development,” AIAA Paper 98-3248.
Kentfield, J. A. C., 1993, Nonsteady, One-Dimensional, Internal, Compressible Flows, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Azoury, P. H., 1992, Engineering Applications of Unsteady Fluid Flow, Wiley, New York.
Albring, P., 1994, “Water as Refrigerant in Refrigeration Plants With Mechanical Compression,” New Applications of Natural Working Fluids in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, IIR, Hannover, pp. 735–742.
Albring, P., and Heinrich, G., 1996, “R718 Heat Pumps: Applications for Natural Refrigerants,” IIR, Aarhus, pp. 553–558.
Albring, P., and Heinrich, G., 1998, “Turbo Chiller With Water as Refrigerant,” Natural Working Fluids ’98, IIR, Oslo, pp. 93–103.
Heinrich, G., Janik, A., and Albring, P., 1991, “Alternative Kaleprozesse mit R718 (H20),” Luft- und Kaltetechnik, 27 , p. 3.
Albring, P., and Müller, N., 1995, “Turboverdichter für Wasser als Kältemittel” (Turbo-compressors for Water as a Refrigerant) in Faragallah, W., Surek, D., “Beiträge zu Fluidenergiemaschinen,” Sulzbach, Band 2 , pp. 16–22.
Müller, N., 2002, “Turbo Chillers Using Water as a Refrigerant,” ASME PID Newsletter, p. 3.
Müller,  N., 2001, “Design of Compressor Impellers for Water as a Refrigerant,” ASHRAE Trans., 107, pp. 214–222.
Saury,  D., Harmand,  S., and Siroux,  M., 2002, “Experimental Study of Flash Evaporation of Water Film,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 45, pp. 3447–3457.
Miyatake,  O., Murakami,  K., and Kawata,  Y., 1973, “Fundamental Experiments With Flash Evaporation,” Heat Transfer-Jpn. Res., 2, pp. 89–100.


Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of an R718 cycle enhanced by a 3-port condensing wave rotor substituting for the condenser and one compressor stage
Grahic Jump Location
Regions modeled for each channel during shock compression and condensation
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic p–h diagram of an R718 baseline cycle and enhanced cycle with a 3-port condensing wave rotor
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic wave and phase-change diagram for the 3-port condensing wave rotor (high-pressure part)
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of a 3-port condensing wave rotor
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of an R718 cycle with direct condensation and evaporation
Grahic Jump Location
Performance map: maximum performance increase and optimum wave rotor pressure ratios
Grahic Jump Location
Heat rejecter temperature versus evaporator temperature for different wave rotor pressure ratios
Grahic Jump Location
Relative COP increase versus the wave rotor pressure ratio for different mass flow ratios
Grahic Jump Location
Relative COP increase versus mass flow ratio for different evaporation temperatures
Grahic Jump Location
Relative COP increase versus evaporation temperature for different mass flow ratios
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic p–h diagram of an R718 baseline cycle (cooling water cycle not shown) and enhanced cycle with a 3-port condensing wave rotor



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In