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Research Papers: Nuclear Power

Investigation of High-Temperature Printed Circuit Heat Exchangers for Very High Temperature Reactors

[+] Author and Article Information
Sai Mylavarapu, Xiaodong Sun, Justin Figley, Noah Needler, Richard Christensen

Nuclear Engineering Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 131(6), 062905 (Jul 17, 2009) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3098425 History: Received November 30, 2008; Revised December 07, 2008; Published July 17, 2009

Abstract

Very high-temperature reactors require high-temperature $(900–950°C)$ and high-integrity heat exchangers with high effectiveness during normal and off-normal conditions. A class of compact heat exchangers, namely, the printed circuit heat exchangers (PCHEs), made of high-temperature materials and found to have these above characteristics, are being increasingly pursued for heavy duty applications. A high-temperature helium test facility, primarily aimed at investigating the heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of the PCHEs, was designed and is being built at Ohio State University. The test facility was designed to facilitate operation at temperatures and pressures up to $900°C$ and 3 MPa, respectively. Owing to the high operating conditions, a detailed investigation on various high-temperature materials was carried out to aid in the design of the test facility and the heat exchangers. The study showed that alloys 617 and 230 are the leading candidate materials for high-temperature heat exchangers. Two PCHEs, each having 10 hot plates and 10 cold plates, with 12 channels in each plate, were fabricated from alloy 617 plates and will be tested once the test facility is constructed. Simultaneously, computational fluid dynamics calculations have been performed on a simplified PCHE model, and the results for three flow rate cases of 15, 40, and 80 kg/h at a system pressure of 3 MPa are discussed. In summary, this paper focuses on the study of the high-temperature materials, the design of the helium test facility, the design and fabrication of the PCHEs, and the computational modeling of a simplified PCHE model.

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Figures

Figure 1

ASME allowable design stresses for different materials (5)

Figure 2

Comparison of allowable design stresses at 900°C(5)

Figure 3

Pressure design thickness requirement for a nominal 1 in. seamless alloy 800 HT pipe at different pressures

Figure 4

High-temperature helium test facility

Figure 5

Flow passages photochemically etched on alloy 617 plates

Figure 6

PCHE channel profile (close to semicircular)

Figure 7

A PCHE header of alloy 800 HT construction

Figure 8

(a) Diffusion bonded alloy 617 blocks and (b) a complete PCHE assembly with headers

Figure 9

Three-dimensional contour map of the interior surface of the channel

Figure 10

A simplified model of the current PCHEs

Figure 11

Average temperature profiles for hot and cold channels

Figure 12

Cold channel local convective heat transfer coefficient

Figure 13

Hot channel local convective heat transfer coefficient

Errata

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