Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Controls, Diagnostics, and Instrumentation

A Hybrid Prognostic Model Formulation and Health Estimation of Auxiliary Power Units

[+] Author and Article Information
Pradeep Shetty

 Honeywell Technology Solutions Laboratory (HTSL), Bangalore 560076, Indiapradeep.shetty@honeywell.com

Dinkar Mylaraswamy

 Honeywell Laboratories, Minneapolis, MN 55448dmylaras@htc.honeywell.com

Thirumaran Ekambaram

 Honeywell Technology Solutions Laboratory (HTSL), Bangalore 560076, Indiathirumaran.ekambaram@honeywell.com

N stands for a set of natural numbers.

Minimun is a relative quantity. This indicates the minimum variance among the estimators under consideration. This should not be confused with a Crammer–Rao lower bound. If any estimator attains this bound, then it is the best estimator.

These coefficients are estimated using the average life and magnitude of margins for APUs.

Note that the stamp of the event is assumed to be known. In the case of line maintenance action, the event time stamp is deterministic; however, this is random for an abrupt fault. We assume the availability of external observers to detect such events.

M is the total number of MC experiments, which is taken as 5000.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 130(2), 021601 (Jan 22, 2008) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2795761 History: Received December 09, 2005; Revised August 03, 2007; Published January 22, 2008

Prognostic health monitoring is an important element of condition-based maintenance and logistics support. The accuracy of prediction and the associated confidence in prediction greatly influence overall performance and subsequent actions either for maintenance or logistics support. Accuracy of prognosis is directly dependent on how closely one can capture the system and component interactions. Traditionally, such models assume a constant and univariate prognostic formulation—that is, components degrade at a constant rate and are independent of each other. Our objective in this paper is to model the degrading system as a collection of prognostic states (health vectors) that evolve continuously over time. The proposed model includes an age dependent deterioration distribution, component interactions, as well as effects of discrete events arising from line maintenance actions and/or abrupt faults. Mathematically, the proposed model can be summarized as a continuously evolving dynamic model, driven by non-Gaussian input and switches according to the discrete events in the system. We develop this model for aircraft auxiliary power units, but it can be generalized to other progressive deteriorating systems. The system identification and recursive state estimation scheme for the developed non-Gaussian model under a partially specified distribution framework has been deduced. The diagnostic/prognostic capabilities of our model and algorithms have been demonstrated using simulated and field data.

Copyright © 2008 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 1

Error bounds for estimated system matrix

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Figure 2

Estimation of health vector x for simulated data

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Figure 3

Health estimation of the APU using a hybrid model

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Figure 4

Prediction of the health vectors

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Figure 5

Prediction of health vectors with events

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Figure 6

Health estimation of the APU using conventional Kalman model

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Figure 7

Innovation sequence using our model

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Figure 8

Innovation sequence using a conventional state-space model



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