Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions

Large Eddy Simulation of Flame Response to Transverse Acoustic Excitation in a Model Reheat Combustor

[+] Author and Article Information
Mathieu Zellhuber

e-mail: zellhuber@td.mw.tum.de

Wolfgang Polifke

Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik,
Technische Universität München,
Garching 85747, Germany

Bruno Schuermans

Baden 5401, Switzerland

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power. Manuscript received May 19, 2013; final manuscript received June 20, 2013; published online August 21, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 135(9), 091508 (Aug 21, 2013) (9 pages) Paper No: GTP-13-1136; doi: 10.1115/1.4024940 History: Received May 19, 2013; Revised June 20, 2013

The response of a perfectly premixed, turbulent jet flame at elevated inflow temperature to high frequency flow perturbations is investigated. A generic reheat burner geometry is considered, where the spatial distribution of heat release is controlled by autoignition in the jet core on the one hand, and kinematic balance between flow and flame propagation in the shear layers between the jet and the external recirculation zones on the other. To model autoignition and heat release in compressible turbulent flow, a progress variable/stochastic fields formulation adapted for the LES context is used. Flow field perturbations corresponding to transverse acoustic modes are imposed by harmonic excitation of velocity at the combustor boundaries. Simulations with single-frequency excitation are carried out in order to study the flame response to transverse fluctuations of velocity. Heat release fluctuations are observed predominantly in the shear layers, where flame propagation is important. The flow-flame coupling in these regions is analyzed in detail with a filter-based postprocessing approach, invoking a local Rayleigh index and providing insight into the interactions of flame wrinkling by vorticity and convection due to mean and fluctuating velocity.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Rayleigh, L., 1896, The Theory of Sound, MacMillan, London.
Ni, A., Polifke, W., and Joos, F., 2000, “Ignition Delay Time Modulation as a Contribution to Thermoacoustic Instability in Sequential Combustion,” Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo, Munich, May 8–11, ASME Paper No. 2000-GT-0103.
Zellhuber, M., Bellucci, V., Schuermans, B., and Polifke, W., 2011, “Modelling the Impact of Acoustic Pressure Waves on Auto-Ignition Flame Dynamics,” Proceedings of the 5th European Combustion Meeting (ECM2011), Cardiff, UK, June 28–July 1.
Zellhuber, M., Schuermans, B., and Polifke, W., 2013, “Impact of Acoustic Pressure on Auto-Ignition and Heat Release,” Combust. Theory Modell., (accepted).
Hauser, M., Lorenz, M., and Sattelmayer, T., 2011, “Influence of Transversal Acoustic Excitation of the Burner Approach Flow on the Flame Structure,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 133(4), 041501. [CrossRef]
Schwing, J., Noiray, N., and Sattelmayer, T., 2011, “Interaction of Vortex Shedding and Transverse High-Frequency Pressure Oscillations in a Tubular Combustion Chamber,” Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Vancouver, BC, Canada, June 6–10, ASME Paper No. GT2011-45246. [CrossRef]
O’Connor, J., Natarajan, S., Malanoski, M., and Lieuwen, T., 2010, “Disturbance Field Characteristics of a Transversely Excited Annular Jet,” Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Glasgow, UK, June 14–18, ASME Paper No. GT2010-22133. [CrossRef]
Cabra, R., Chen, J.-Y., Dibble, R., Karpetis, A., and Barlow, R., 2005, “Lifted Methane-Air Jet Flames in a Vitiated Coflow,” Combust. Flame, 143(4), pp. 491–506. [CrossRef] [CrossRef]
Markides, C., and Mastorakos, E., 2005, “An Experimental Study of Hydrogen Autoignition in a Turbulent Co-Flow Of Heated Air,” Proc. Combust. Inst., 30(1), pp. 883–891. [CrossRef]
Gordon, R. L., Masri, A. R., Pope, S. B., and Goldin, G. M., 2007, “A Numerical Study of Auto-Ignition in Turbulent Lifted Flames Issuing into a Vitiated Co-Flow,” Combust. Theory Modell., 11(3), pp. 351–376. [CrossRef]
Mastorakos, E., 2009, “Ignition of Turbulent Non-Premixed Flames,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 35, pp. 57–97. [CrossRef]
Petersen, E. L., Kalitan, D. M., Simmons, S., Bourque, G., Curran, H. J., and Simmie, J. M., 2007, “Methane/Propane Oxidation at High Pressures: Experimental and Detailed Chemical Kinetic Modeling,” Proc. Combust. Inst., 31(1), pp. 447–454. [CrossRef]
Celik, I., Cehreli, Z., and Yavuz, N., 2005, “Index of Resolution Quality for Large Eddy Simulations,” J. Fluids Eng., 127, pp. 949–958. [CrossRef]
Schuermans, B., Luebcke, H., Bajusz, D., and Flohr, P., 2005, “Thermoacoustic Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustion Systems Using Unsteady CFD,” Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Reno, NV, June 6–10, ASME Paper No. GT2005-68393. [CrossRef]
Brandt, M., Polifke, W., Ivancic, B., Flohr, P., and Paikert, B., 2003, “Auto-Ignition in a Gas Turbine Burner at Elevated Temperature,” Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Atlanta, GA, June 16–19, ASME Paper No. GT2003-38224. [CrossRef]
Kulkarni, R., Zellhuber, M., and Polifke, W., 2013, “LES Based Investigation of Autoignition in Turbulent Co-Flow Configurations,” Combust. Theory Modell., 17(2), pp. 224–259. [CrossRef]
Kulkarni, R., and Polifke, W., 2013, “LES of Delft-Jet-In-Hot-Coflow (DJHC) With Tabulated Chemistry and Stochastic Fields Combustion Model,” Fuel Process. Technol., 107, pp. 138–146. [CrossRef]
Bradley, D., Kwa, L. K., Lau, A. K. C., and Missaghi, M., 1988, “Laminar Flamelet Modelling of Recirculating Premixed Methane and Propane-Air Combustion,” Combust. Flame, 71, pp. 109–122. [CrossRef]
Pierce, C., and Moin, P., 2004, “Progress-Variable Approach for Large-Eddy Simulation of Non-Premixed Turbulent Combustion,” J. Fluid Mech., 504(1), pp. 73–97. [CrossRef]
Domingo, P., Vervisch, L., and Veynante, D., 2008, “Large-Eddy Simulation of a Lifted Methane Jet Flame in a Vitiated Coflow,” Combust. Flame, 152, pp. 415–432. [CrossRef]
Valino, L., 1998, “A Field Monte Carlo Formulation for Calculating the Probability Density Function of a Single Scalar in a Turbulent Flow,” Flow, Turbul. Combust., 60(2), pp. 157–172. [CrossRef]
Mustata, R., Valino, L., Jimenez, C., Jones, W., and Bondi, S., 2005, “A Probability Density Function Eulerian Monte Carlo Field Method for Large Eddy Simulations: Application to a Turbulent Piloted Methane/Air Diffusion Flame (Sandia D),” Combust. Flame, 145(1–2), pp. 88–104. [CrossRef]
Jones, W., Navarro-Martinez, S., and Röh, O., 2007, “Large Eddy Simulation of Hydrogen Auto-Ignition With a Probability Density Function Method,” Proc. Combust. Inst., 31(2), pp. 1765–1771. [CrossRef]
Jones, W., and Navarro-Martinez, S., 2007, “Large Eddy Simulation of Autoignition With a Subgrid Probability Density Function Method,” Combust.Flame, 150, pp. 170–187. [CrossRef]
Villermaux, J., and Devillon, J., 1972, “Représentation de la coalescence et de la redispersion des domaines de ségrégation dans un fluide par un modèle d’interaction phénoménologique,” Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Chemical Reaction Engineering, Amsterdam, May 2–4, Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Kulkarni, R., Zellhuber, M., and Polifke, W., 2011, “LES-Based Investigation of Auto-Ignition in Turbulent Co-Flow Burner Configurations,” Proceedings of the 5th European Combustion Meeting (ECM2011), Cardiff, UK, June 28–July 1.
Galpin, J., Naudin, A., Vervisch, L., Angelberger, C., Colin, O., and Domingo, P., 2008, “Large-Eddy Simulation of a Fuel-Lean Premixed Turbulent Swirl-Burner,” Combust. Flame, 155(1–2), pp. 247–266. [CrossRef]
Colin, O., Pera, C., and Jay, S., 2007, “Detailed Chemistry Tabulation Based on a FPI Approach Adapted and Applied to 3-D Internal Combustion Engine Calculations,” Proceedings of the 3rd European Combustion Meeting (ECM2007), Chenia, Crete, April 11–13.
Michel, J.-B., Colin, O., and Angelberger, C., 2010, “On the Formulation of Species Reaction Rates in the Context of Multi-Species CFD Codes Using Complex Chemistry Tabulation Techniques,” Combust. Flame, 157(4), pp. 701–714. [CrossRef]
Huang, Y., Sung, H.-G., Hsieh, S.-Y., and Yang, V., 2003, “Large-Eddy Simulation of Combustion Dynamics of Lean-Premixed Swirl-Stabilized Combustor,” J. Propul. Power, 19(5), pp. 782–794. [CrossRef]
Schwing, J., Grimm, F., and Sattelmayer, T., 2012, “A Model for the Thermo-Acoustic Feedback of Transverse Acoustic Modes and Periodic Oscillations in Flame Position in Cylindrical Flame Tubes,” Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2012, Copenhagen, June 11–15, ASME Paper No. GT2012-68775. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic cutview of Alstom’s GT24/GT26 gas turbine family (source: Alstom)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

3D view of investigated geometry with temperature distribution in symmetry plane

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Comparison of progress variable source terms in 0d reactors and premixed flames at pertinent conditions

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Orientation of momentum source terms for excitation of transverse modes; instantaneous snapshots of resulting pressure contours

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Impact of inlet velocity on flame position given by chemical source term in a single stochastic field

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Instantaneous distribution of vorticity (filled contours) and normalized progress variable (isolines) for case without excitation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Phase lock evolution of normalized reaction progress over fluctuation period of 1T case (left: 0 deg phase, middle: 120 deg, right: 240 deg)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Distribution of average heat release in symmetry plane for unexcited case (top), 1 T and 2 T excitation cases (middle and bottom)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Rms fluctuation amplitude of heat release in symmetry plane for 1 T (top) and 2 T (bottom) excitation cases

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Distribution of heat release phase lag in radians for 1 T excitation case

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Rms fluctuation amplitude of normalized progress variable in symmetry plane for 1T excitation case

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Schematic description of flame dynamics in shear layers: superposition and interference of wrinkling and vertical displacement

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Distribution of Rayleigh index for 1T (top half) and 2T (bottom half) excitation cases

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Distribution of heat release phase lag in radians for 2T excitation case

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Definition of observation windows

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Evolution of normalized heat release amplitudes along shear layer for 1T and 2T excitation cases



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In