Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions

A First and Second Thermodynamics Law Analysis of a Hydrogen-Fueled Microgas Turbine for Combined Heat and Power Generation

[+] Author and Article Information
Francisco Toja-Silva

Av. Complutense,
40, Madrid 28040, Spain
e-mail: frantojasilva@yahoo.es

Antonio Rovira

E.T.S. Ingenieros Industriales – UNED,
C/Juan del Rosal, 12,
Madrid 28040, Spain
e-mail: rovira@ind.uned.es

Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received December 11, 2012; final manuscript received August 21, 2013; published online October 25, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Kalyan Annamalai.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 136(2), 021501 (Oct 25, 2013) (8 pages) Paper No: GTP-12-1482; doi: 10.1115/1.4025321 History: Received December 11, 2012; Revised August 21, 2013

As is well known, the increasing energy demand requires an efficient use of conventional energy sources, as well as the development of renewable technologies. The distributed generation systems entail significant benefits in terms of efficiency, emission reduction, availability and economy consequences. Renewable energy technologies are fed by intermittent resources. This feature makes the energy storage an important issue in order to improve the management or to enlarge annual operation of the facility. The use of hydrogen as an energy vector may satisfy this requirement and; at the same time, it introduces additional advantages in terms of energy efficiency and emissions reduction. This work presents an analysis based on the first and second thermodynamics law to investigate the efficiency of a hydrogen/oxygen-fueled gas turbine, which produces both electrical and thermal energy (cogeneration). A 20 kWe, microgas turbine is proposed to supply the base load demand of a residential area. The results show that the proposed facility is appropriate when the thermal energy demand is significant. We obtain an exergy efficiency of 45.7% and an energy efficiency of 89.4% regarding the lower heating value (LHV) of hydrogen. This high energy efficiency remains on the use of the liquid water effluent and the condensation heat. The main sources of irreversibility are analyzed and the effect of the design parameters on the energy and exergy efficiencies is discussed.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


“World Energy Outlook 2012,” International Energy Agency, July, 11, 2013, www.worldenergyoutlook.org/
“BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2013,” July, 11, 2013, www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/about-bp/statistical-review-of-world-energy-2013.html
Hadjipaschalis, I., Poullikkas, A., and Efthimiou, V., 2009, “Overview of Current and Future Energy Storage Technologies for Electric Power Applications,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 13, pp. 1513–1522. [CrossRef]
Zeng, K., and Zhang, D., 2010, “Recent Progress in Alkaline Water Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production and Applications,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 36, pp. 307–326. [CrossRef]
Winter, C.-J., 2009, “Hydrogen Energy—Abundant, Efficient, Clean: A Debate Over the Energy-System-of-Change,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 34, pp. S1–S52. [CrossRef]
Zhou, L., 2005, “Progress and Problems in Hydrogen Storage Methods,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 9, pp. 395–408. [CrossRef]
Kottenstette, R., and Cotrell, J., 2004, “Hydrogen Storage in Wind Turbine Towers,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 29, pp. 1277–1288. [CrossRef]
Pukazhselvan, D., Kumar, V., and Singh, S.K., 2012, “High Capacity Hydrogen Storage: Basic Aspects, New Developments and Milestones,” Nano Energy, 1, pp. 566–589. [CrossRef]
Sanjay, Y., Singh, O., and Prasad, B.N., 2007, “Energy and Exergy Analysis of Steam Cooled Reheat Gas-Steam Combined Cycle,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 27, pp. 2779–2790. [CrossRef]
Cihan, A., Hacıhafızoğlu, O., and Kahveci, K., 2006, “Energy-Exergy Analysis and Modernization Suggestions for a Combined-Cycle Power Plant,” Int. J. Energy Res., 30, pp. 115–126. [CrossRef]
Aydin, H., 2013, “Exergetic Sustainability Analysis of LM6000 Gas Turbine Power Plant With Steam Cycle,” Energy, 57, pp. 766–774. [CrossRef]
Reddy, B.V., and Butcher, C., 2009, “Second Law Analysis of a Natural Gas-Fired Gas Turbine Cogeneration System,” Int. J. Energy Res., 33, pp. 728–736. [CrossRef]
Balli, O., and Aras, H., 2007, “Energetic and Exergetic Performance Evaluation of a Combined Heat and Power System With the Micro Gas Turbine (MGTCHP),” Int. J. Energy Res., 31, pp. 1425–1440. [CrossRef]
Balli, O., Aras, H., and Hepbasli, A., 2007, “Exergetic Performance Evaluation of a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System in Turkey,” Int. J. Energy Res., 31, pp. 849–866. [CrossRef]
Balli, O., Aras, H., and Hepbasli, A., 2008, “Exergoeconomic Analysis of a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System,” Int. J. Energy Res., 32, pp. 273–289. [CrossRef]
Salehzadeh, A., Khoshbakhti Saray, R., and JalaliVahid, D., 2013, “Investigating the Effect of Several Thermodynamic Parameters on Exergy Destruction in Components of a Tri-Generation Cycle,” Energy, 52, pp. 96–109. [CrossRef]
Juste, G. L., 2006, “Hydrogen Injection as Additional Fuel in Gas Turbine Combustor. Evaluation of Effects,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 31, pp. 2112–2121. [CrossRef]
Jericha, H., Starzer, O., and Theissing, M., 1991, “Toward a Solar-Hydrogen System,” ASME Cogen-Turbo: 5th International Symposium and Exposition on Gas Turbines in Cogeneration, Repowering, and Peak-Load Power Generation (IGTI), Budapest, Hungary, September 3–5, pp. 435–438.
Kato, S., and Nomura, N., 1997, “Hydrogen Gas-Turbine Characteristics and Hydrogen Energy System Schemes,” Energy Converse. Manage., 38(10–13), pp. 1319–1326. [CrossRef]
Jin, H., and Ishida, M., 2000, “A Novel Gas Turbine Cycle With Hydrogen-Fueled Chemical-Looping Combustion,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 25, pp. 1209–1215. [CrossRef]
Xiaodan, G., Hong, X., Rulin, J., and Weidou, J.R.N., 2009, “Energy and Exergy Analysis of Hydrogen-Fueled Combined Cycle,” IEEE International Conference on Energy and Environment Technolog y (ICEET ’09), Guilin, Guangxi, China, October 16–18. [CrossRef]
Cai, R., and Fang, F., 1991, “Analysis of a Novel Hydrogen and Oxygen Combined Cycle,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 16(4), pp. 249–254. [CrossRef]
Akai, M., 1991, “Development of Hydrogen-Fueled Gas Turbine,” J. High Pressure Gas, 28, pp. 7–9.
Pedersen, L., Stang, J., and Ulseth, R., 2008, “Load Prediction Method for Heat and Electricity Demand in Buildings for the Purpose of Planning for Mixed Energy Distribution Systems,” Energy Build., 40, pp. 1124–1134. [CrossRef]
Stull, D. R., and Prophet, H., 1971, “JANAF Thermodynamic Tables,” 2nd ed., NSRDS-NBS37, Washington, DC, http://www.nist.gov/nsrds/NSRDS-NBS37.pdf
Staff Report, 1997, “Release on the IAPWS Industrial Formulation 1997 for the Thermodynamic Properties of Water and Steam,” (IAPWS-IF97), The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam.
Perry, R. H., and Green, D. W., 1997, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, 7th ed., McGraw-Hill, Madrid.
Toja-Silva, F., 2011, “A Novel Water Heater Using Injected Hydrogen Combustion Exhaust,” Energy Build., 43, pp. 2320–2328. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Diagram of the CHP microgas turbine fed with hydrogen and oxygen

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Diagram T-s of the thermodynamic cycle of the proposed facility

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Sensitivity analysis of the preheating temperature T9

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Sensibility of the main design parameters according to P2

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Sensibility of the main design parameters according to T3

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Irreversibilities at each component of the facility

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Sankey diagram with the exergy flows within the facility



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In