Research Papers: Internal Combustion Engines

Research on Phase Synchronization Strategies for Diesel Engines to Startup Quickly

[+] Author and Article Information
Weijun Ren

School of Information Engineering,
Chang'an University,
Xi'an 710064, China
e-mail: renweijunxa@126.com

Zifeng Wu

1999 Avenue of the Stars,
Los Angeles, CA 90067
e-mail: wuzi620@gmail.com

Rong Yang

School of Information Engineering,
Chang'an University,
Xi'an 710064, China
e-mail: 2507028234@qq.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the IC Engine Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received April 19, 2016; final manuscript received September 25, 2016; published online January 10, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Stani Bohac.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 139(5), 052801 (Jan 10, 2017) (7 pages) Paper No: GTP-16-1144; doi: 10.1115/1.4035227 History: Received April 19, 2016; Revised September 25, 2016

Valid and quick phase synchronization is essential to diesel engine operation, with impacts on the starting time and emissions. This paper presents an innovative wheel shape of camshaft with four long teeth and four short teeth, which plays a fundamental role in the proposed phase synchronization strategies. A dynamic validity-check algorithm of camshaft and crankshaft sensor signals is developed as a premise. Specifically, the segment pattern matching method is used in the rapid phase synchronization strategy that is applicable given valid camshaft and crankshaft signals. A combination of trial injections and the pattern matching method is applied when either the camshaft or crankshaft sensor signal is missing in the limp home mode. Bench test results showed that phase synchronization could be realized within 180 crankshaft angles, and that the phase synchronization strategies in the limp home mode were feasible.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Palomar, J. M. , Cruz, F. , Ortega, A. , Jimenez, E. F. , Francisco, J. , Martinez, G. , and Dorado, M. P. , 2005, “ Development of a Computer Model to Simulate the Injection Process of a Diesel Engine,” Energy Fuels, 19(4), pp. 1526–1535. [CrossRef]
Yao, C. D. , Hu, J. T. , Yin, Z. H. , and Geng, P. L. , 2016, “ Visualization on Combustion Characteristics of Common Rail Diesel Engine at Different Injection Pressures,” Trans. Chin. Soc. Agric. Mach., 47(1), pp. 356–361.
Nazemi, M. , and Shahbakhti, M. , 2016, “ Modeling and Analysis of Fuel Injection Parameters for Combustion and Performance of an RCCI Engine,” Appl. Energy, 165(1), pp. 135–150. [CrossRef]
Heikes, H. , Steinbrecher, C. , Reineke, B. , Berkemer, J. , Raatz, T. , and Fischer, W. , 2014, “ Online Engine Speed Based Altitude Adaptation of Air Charge and Limp Home for Two-Wheelers,” SAE Int. J. Engines, 8(1), pp. 175–181. [CrossRef]
Sun, S. , and Zhang, Y. T. , 2009, “ A Research on the Fuel Quantity Control for Common Rail Diesel Engine in the Hybrid Electric Vehicles Working on the Low-Load Area,” 4th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, ICIEA, pp. 440–444.
Wang, J. L. , Yang, F. Y. , Ouyang, F. Y. , and Huang, Y. , 2013, “ A Research on Engine Phase and Speed Estimation Method Based on Cylinder Pressure Sensor,” ASME Paper No. ICEF2013-19025.
Wang, J. M. , and Sarlashkar, J. V. , 2007, “ Engine Crankshaft Position Tracking Algorithms Applicable for Given Arbitrary Camshaft and Crankshaft Position Signal Patterns,” SAE Paper No. 2007-01-1597.
He, Q. , Wang, G. Y. , and Xu, J. S. , 2009, “ An Intelligent Strategy for Identifying the Top Dead Center of High Pressure Common Rail Diesel,” Automot. Eng., 31(5), pp. 474–478.
Liu, Z. M. , Ouyang, G. Y. , and Chang, Y. , 2016, “ Research on Timing Control of Ultra-High Pressure Common Rail System,” Diesel Engine, 38(1), pp. 1–5.
Zhang, S. B. , Shen, L. Z. , Wang, G. Y. , Yao, G. Z. , and Liu, S. H. , 2015, “ Study on Phase Determination and Fuel Injection HIL System for FPGA Based High Pressure Common Rail Diesel Engines,” Chin. Intern. Combust. Engine Eng., 36(3), pp. 116–120.
Zhang, Y. G. , Wu, F. , Fang, Z. , Yao, D. W. , and Luo, D. , 2011, “ Crankshaft Speed and Camshaft Phase Signals Simulation in Engine HILS System,” J. Zhejiang. Univ., Sci. A., 45(7), pp. 1221–1226.
Palomar, J. M. , Cruz, F. , Ortega, A. , Jimenez, E. F. , Francisco, J. , Martinez, G. , and Dorado, M. P. , 2005, “ Development of a Computer Model to Simulate the Injection Process of a Diesel Engine,” Energy Fuel, 19(4), pp. 1526–1535. [CrossRef]
Yao, D. W. , Wu, F. , Zhou, C. G. , Su, W. Q. , and Yu, X. L. , 2009, “ An Event-Based Injection and Ignition Timing Control Strategy for a Gasoline Engine,” Chin. Intern. Combust. Engine Eng., 30(6), pp. 67–76.
Pereira, T. A. , Fontana, F. , Vandresen, M. , Cardoso, P. O. , Pereira, M. , and Campos, B. A. , 2011, “ System Automated for the Lifting Curves Camshaft,” SAE Paper No. 2011-36-0073.
Xie, T. , 2014, “ Control Strategy of Crankshaft and Camshaft Signal,” J. Agric. Equip. Veh. Eng., 52(10), pp. 35–39.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Mechanism and signal of the crankshaft and camshaft

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Dynamic check of crankshaft sensor signal

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Phase synchronization with crankshaft signal failure

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Segment structure of the four cylinders

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Phase synchronization with trial injections

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Phase synchronization with pattern matching

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

State machine of phase synchronization coordinator

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Crankshaft sensor position estimation state machine

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Test scenario of phase synchronization strategies

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Chart of phase synchronization testing



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In